Physical Geography of India : facts, information

India has all the physiogeographic features one may expect. It has Himalaya like mountain, Thar like desert, Coastal area, Ladakh like plateau. India can be divided into following regions- 1) the great Mountain of North 2) Indo-Gangetic Plain 3) The coastal Plains 4) The Peninsular Plateau 5) Islands

  • Himalaya is the main mountain of north. It is a folded mountain. It is about 2,500 KM long and has a width of 150-500 KM. Before the Himalaya Tethys ocean was there. India’s highest mountain peak is Kanchenjunga (8,586 m).
  • Ladakh Plateau is the highest plateau of India. It is located in Kashmir. Another important plateau of India is the Deccan Plateau. It covers almost entire southern part of India.
  • Aravalli Mountain is the oldest mountain of India. Guru Shikhar is the highest mountain peak of Aravalli. It is an eroded stub of ancient folded mountain.
  • India’s only desert “Thar” is located in Rajasthan. Luni is the only river which flow in this desert. Thar Desert is also known as ‘The great Indian Desert’ or ‘Marusthali’.
  • Vindhya Range is the main range of central India. It acts as a divider between the North India and South India. Satpura range lies parallel to the Vindhya Range. Satpura is a dome mountain.
  • Eastern Ghats and Western Ghats are two mountain ranges lies to the eastern coast and western coast of India. Deccan plateau lies between these two ranges. Anamudi is the highest peak of south India. It belongs to the Alaimalai Hills of Western Ghat Range.
  • India’s famous coast’s are- Konkan Coast, Coromandel Coast, Malabar Coast. The total length of Indian coast (Including the coast of India’s islands) is 7,517 KM.
  • India has about thousand islands. Among these Andaman, Nicobar, islands are well known. Barren Island is the only active volcano of India.