Forest is a important natural resource of any country. India is very lucky in this matter. India has many large and dense forests.
- It is estimated that about 20 percent of India’s area is covered by the forest. That is about 65 million hectare area.
- India ranks first in consuming fuel wood. But most of the fuel wood comes from the agricultural waste. Otherwise no forests would have remained.
- India is among the top ten countries which are forest rich. These top ten countries are host of the 6o% of forest of world.
- Besides wood forest, India has large amount of non wood forests. These non wood forests are the source of Latex, gum, aroma chemicals, medicines etc.
- The forests of India are classified into following classes- Tropical rain forests, Himalayan subtropical pine forests, Mangrove forests of coastal area, Monsoon forests, Evergreen forests, Dry deciduous forests.
- The top state of India having the largest area under forests is Madhya Pradesh followed by Arunachal Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha.
- Indian forests are the home of many animals and birds. About 90000 animal spices are found in India and about 1300 spices of birds are living in these forests.