Shah Jahan: facts, history, biography

Shah Jahan was the fifth Mughal Emperor. His full name was Mirza Shahabuddin Baig Muhammad Khan Shah Jahan. He is famous for building the Taj Mahal. He ruled form 1628 to 1658.

  • He was the son of the Mughal emperor Jahangir. His mother was Bilquis Makani. His grandfather Akbar gave him the name "Khurram". He was trained under the sight of Akbar and his grandmother Ruqaiya.
  • He had a strained relationship with his step mother Nur Jahan. Nur Jahan was planning and supporting his son in law Shahryar for the throne. His father Jahangir was very much depended on Nur Jahan. Despite that, after the death of Jahangir, Shah Jahan succeeded the Throne. And imprisoned his stepmother Nur Jahan, executed his rivals.
  • Under his patronage, Mughal empire was extended very much. He conquered the Kandahar, defeated the Rajputs of Baglana, Mewar and Bundelkhand.
  • During his reign, the state was overall peaceful and the revenue was increased. The justice was followed without any discrimination.
  • He had many marriages. But he was in love with his wife Mumtaz Mahal. The stories of their love affairs are still discussed. After the death of Mumtaz Mahal, he builds the tomb Taj Mahal.
  • Shah Jahan’s reign is regarded as Golden Period for art and architecture. He built several monuments and forts. Some of architecture built during his reign were- Red Fort, Jama Masjid, Moti Masjid or Pearl Mosque, Takht-e-Taus, Shalimar Gardens.
  • His end of life was not that good. When he fell seek, his son Aurangzeb took over the throne and house poisoned him in the fort of Agra. He died in the imprisonment in 1666.