Taj Mahal is a beautiful monument made of white Marble which is situated at Agra, India. It is one of the Wonders of World.
- Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan built it. After the death of his wife Mumtaz Mahal, he built this tomb.
- The construction was started in 1632 and the work completed around 1653.
- This massive project took a huge man power (around 20,000) to build. People from different countries were employed to build this beautiful piece of art. Ustad-Ahmad Lahori was the chief architect.
- It was declared as the World Heritage site by UNESCO in 1983.
- Taj Mahal attracts huge number of tourists. About 8 million tourists visits it every year.
- Due to rise in pollution, the white marble has started to turn into yellow. Which has generated a lot of tension among the people. Indian Government has setup a special zone (Taj Trapezium Zone (TTZ)) around the Taj Mahal to cope with it.
- The literal meaning of Taj Mahal is “The Crown of Palaces”.
- The Taj Mahal was built using the white marbles. Besides that, different type of stones and materials were used from different part of the world for the construction. About 28 different precious stones were used. Taj Mahal is only one of the few monuments which has a symmetrical structure.