ISRO (Indian Space Research Organization) is a Space Research Organisation of Government of India. It is located in Bengaluru.
- ISRO was established in 1969 by replacing Indian national committee for space research (INCOSPAR) which was established in 1962.
- ISRO is managed by department of space which falls under Prime Minister of India.
- Vikram Sarabhai also known as father of Indian space program was the first Chairman of ISRO. It was his effort which helped to establish ISRO.
- On 28 September 1992, Antrix corporation was established. It is a commercial arm of ISRO which promotes services and products of ISRO.
- The first satelite developed by ISRO was Aryabhata. Aryabhata was launched was by Soviet Union on 19 April 1975. The first satelite developed and launched by India was Rohini satelite.
has developed many satellite launch vehicles. The satellite launch
vehicles in order of their creation are SLV (Satelite launch Vehicle),
ASLV (Augmented Satelite launch Vehicle), PSLV (Polar Satelite launch
Vehicle), GSLV (Geosynchronous Satelite launch Vehicle), GSLV Mark III.
PSLV is one of the most trusted satelite launch vehicle of world.
Organization Structure of ISRO
Timeline of ISRO
|1962||INCOSPAR was established|
|1969||ISRO was formed superceeding INCOSPAR|
|1971||Satish Dhawan Space Centre formed in Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh.|
|1972||DoS was established. ISRO was brought under DoS|
|1975||First Indian satellite, Aryabhata was launched|
|1980||Rohini satelite was successfully placed by indegenous launch vehicle SLV 3|
|1992||First successful launch of ASLV placing SROSS-C satellite, Antrix was formed|
|1994||First successful launch of PSLV placed IRS-P2 in orbit|
|1999||Carried foriegn satellites for the first time. Multiple satellites were launched for the first time|
|2001||First successful launch of GSLV with GSAT-1 satellite|
|2005||Second launch pad at Sriharikota|
|2008||Launch of Chandrayaan-1. Launch of 10 satellites by a single PSLV|
|2009||First satellite (ANUSAT)from an Indian university (Anna University) was launched|
|2013||MOM (Mangalayaan) was launched|
|2014||Mangalayaan was succesfully placed in Mars orbit|
|2016||Created a record by placing 20 satellites in a single payload|