Manik Bandopadhyay: facts, biography, information

Manik Bandopadhyay was a Bengali novel writer. He is famous for his novels and short stories that he wrote in his short life of 48 years.
  • He was born on 19 May 1908 in Dumka of Bihar. His original name was Prabodh Kumar Bandhopaddhay.
  • His parents were Harihar Bandopadhyay and Niroda Devi. They had fourteen children. Harihar Bandopadhyay was a government officer and had to visit a lot of place. This gave Manik a chance to connect with many people from his early life. He married to Kamala Devi and had 4 children.
  • He was a brilliant student. He passed the entrance examination in 1926 from Midnapore Zilla School. He secured first division in this examination. He joined the Welleslyvan Mission College at Bankura. In 1928 he passed his I.Sc. with first division. Later he joined the Presidency College, Calcutta. But he was not able to complete it due to financial problem.
  • Manik Bandopadhyay suffered from poverty almost throughout of his life. He started as Headmaster of Mymensingh Teachers Training School. But he switched many jobs in his career. Throughout of his life, his main source of income was writing.
  • His writing career started with the short story Atashimami. This was published in the magazine Bichitra. This story earned him a great respect in literary society. Throughout his life, he had published about 177 short stories. Some of them are- Atashi Mami (1935), Pragoitihashik (English: Pre-historic, 1937), Mihi O Mota Kahini (1938), Sarisrip (Amphibian, 1939), Bou (The Bride, 1940), Shamudrer Swad (The Taste of the Seas, 1943).
  • His some of novels are- Janani (Mother, 1935), Diba-Ratrir Kabya (Poetry of Days and Nights, 1935), Padma Nadir Majhi (The Boatman of River Padma, 1936), Putul Nacher Itikatha (The Puppet's Tale, 1936), Jiboner Jotilota (Complexities of Life, 1936), Ahimsa (Non-violence, 1941), Dhorabandha Jiban (Quotidian Life, 1941), Chatushkone (The Quadrilateral, 1942), Protibimbo (The Reflection, 1943), Darpan (The Mirror, 1945). He also wrote some poems but he is mostly known for his short stories and novels.
  •  The main theme of his stories and novels was the life of village people. His portrayal of characters in his novels and short stories were brilliant. 
  • He joined the Communist Party of India in 1944 and became an active Marxist.
  • From his early life he suffered from epilepsy. In 1956 he went to coma and died on 3rd December.

Timeline of Manik Bandopadhyay

1908 Manik Bandhopadhay was born
1926 Passed the Entrance Examination from Midnapore Zilla School, Got admitted in Welleslyan Mission College at Bankura
1928 Passed the Intermediate in Science, His first story Atashimami (Aunt Atashi)was published in the magazine Bichitra
1934 He worked as editor of Nabarun Magazine
1935 His novel Diba-Ratrir Kabya was published
1936 His novels Padma Nadir Majhi and Putul Nacher Itikotha got published.
1937 Started work as assistant editor of literary magazine Bangasree
1938 Became Headmaster of Mymensingh Teachers Training School
1939 Started a printing and publishing house.
1941 His one of the famous novel Shahartali was published
1944 He joined the Communist Party of India
1948 His novel Chatushkone was published
1956 He died at the age of 48