Niti Aayog is a think tank of Government of India which provides strategic inputs to the policy making and development process of India. It is a non constitutional body.
- The full form of Niti Aayog is National institution for transforming India. It was established by Narendra Modi government.
- Niti Aayog was established to replace the planning commission. It was formed on 1st January 2015.
- Niti Aayog differs from planning commission in many things. Niti Aayog has no power in allocating funds. It is dependent on Finance ministry for that. It has less number of full time members then Planning Commission. But it can have part time members on the basis of needs.
- The main objective of Niti Aayog was to improve coordination of State Government and Central Government. State government has now larger part in Niti Aayog than Planning Commission.
- The first Vice Chairperson of Niti Aayog is Arvind Panagariya and first CEO is Amitabh Kant.
Members of Niti Aayog
|Governing Council||Chief Ministers of States and Lt. Governors of Union Territories|
|Vice Chairperson||1 Member|
|Full time Members||3 Members|
|Part time Members||2 Members|
|Ex Officio Members||4 Members from council of ministers|
|Chief Executive Officier||Rank of Secretary|
|Special Invitees||Specialists and Experts of various fields|
Objectives of Niti Aayog
- Active involvement of States in development process and to foster cooperative federalism
- Developing plans at village level and paying attention to the section which are not benefiting from the economic progress.
- Preparing policy and plans for long term goals, monitoring them, collecting feedback, making improvements time to time from the feedback.
- Collaboration of National and International think tanks and different departments to provide advice.
- Developing Economic policy which also helps in National Security.
- Resolving different inter-sectoral and inter-departmental issues for faster execution of plans.
- Up gradation of technologies and capacity building.