Chanakya: facts, biography, history

Chanakya was an Indian teacher, economist and a political adviser. He played a key role in the establishment of the Maurya dynasty. He is also known as Kautilya or Vishnu Gupta.

Chanakya (350 BC-283 BC)
  • Chanakya was born in ancient India, 350 BC. His birth place is a subject of controversy. Some believes he was born in Taxila and some says he was born in South India.
  • His father was Canin (or Chanak) and his mother was Canesvari. His name was derived from the name of his father.
  • Chanakya was a Brahmin and he got his education from the ancient university Takshashila. Later he also became a teacher there.
  • Though he was a Brahmin he had all the capability to rule a kingdom. He was not good looking but he had tremendous knowledge.
  • He began his search for a true king when Dhanananda, the king of the Nanda dynasty insulted him and thrown him out from the kings court. Chanakya understood that Magdha was in vulnearable state under the leadership of Dhanananda. His search for a powerful and true leader ended when he met Chandragupta Maurya. Chandragupta was a young boy (about 12-13 years old). Chanakya taught him about ruling and warfare. Later they ended the Nanda dynasty and established Maurya Dynasty. Chandragupta became the first king of Maurya Dynasty and Chandragupta became his prime minister.
  • Under the guidance of Chanakya, Maurya Empire became the largest empire of that time. 
  • Later Chanakya chose Bindusara, son of Chandragupta as the heir of Maurya Empire. He remained as the adviser of Bindusara.
  • Chanakya is the author of Arthashastra and Chanakya-Niti. Arthashastra is a book on Economics. The policies discussed in the book are still relevant. Chanakya-Niti is a collection of aphorisms. 
  • Chanakya was died in 283 BC. There are many versions of stories regarding the death of Chanakya. Some says that after his retirement he went to jungle and died there. Some says that he was died because of the conspiracy of Subandhu, a minister of the Bindusara’s court.
  • Many serials and films are made on the story of Chanakya. Such as Chanakya (TV series), Chanakya Chandragupta (Telugu Film). Many books are also written on the policies of Chanakya.

Wildlife of India: facts, information

India is a vast country and many of its area is under the cover of forest. Variety of animals and trees are found in these forests. This makes India’s wildlife rich and diverse.

  • The popular animals of India are –Bengal Tiger, Indian Lions, Deer, Black Bears, Asian Elephant, Monkeys, Camels and many more.
  • India has about 500 Wildlife Sanctuaries, 120 National Park and 18 Bio-reserves.
  • We can understand about India’s richer and diverse wildlife from the fact that India has three biodiversity hot-spots among the 34 biodiversity hot-spots of the world. They are- Western Ghats, Eastern Himalayas, and Indo-Burma.
  • India is also a Mega-diverse country along with other 16 countries. These Mega-diverse countries are the home of 60-70% of world’s diversity.
  • India is home of about 172 threatened spices – Asian Elephant, Asian Lion, Bengal Tiger, Mugger Crocodile, Rhinoceros etc.
  • About 1300 species of birds are found in India among these 42 are endemic. Some of the common Indian birds are- Ringed Parrot, Green Bee Eater, Indian Roller, Koel, Blue Kingfisher, Laughing Dove.
  • Royal Bengal Tiger and the Peacock are the National animal and National Bird of India respectively. Ganges river dolphin is the national aquatic animal and Hanuman Langur is the national mammal of India.
  • Some of the common trees found in India are- Neem, Banyan, Peepal, Audumbar, and Bamboo.

General Knowledge and basic information about India

Basic information About india

Capital of India:New Delhi
Belongs in Continent:Asia
Location:28°36.8′N, 77°12.5′E
Other Names of India:Hindustan, Bharat,
Neighbor countries:China, Nepal, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Myanmar
Population:1,210,193,422 (2nd )
Area:3,287,590 km2 (7th)
Total Coast Line of India:7,517 KM
Land Frontier:15,200 Km
Length from East to West:2933 KM
Length from North to South:3214 Km
Official Languages:Hindi, English
Currency:Indian Rupee
Important Rivers:Ganges, Brahmaputra, Indus, Godavari, Mahanadi, Krishna, Kaveri, Luni, Narmada, Yamuna, Sutlej, Jhelum, Koshi, Gandaki
Important Mountains:Himalaya, Eastern Ghats, Western Ghats, Karakoram, Aravalli, Satpura,
Indian States:29
Union Territories:6+ 1 Capital Territory
Main Agricultural Products:Rice, Wheat, Sugar Cane, Cotton, Jute, Tea, Coffee, Spices,
Major Cities of India:Mumbai, Kolkata, New Delhi, Bangalore, Chennai, Ahmadabad, Pune, Hyderabad, Surat, Indore, Jaipur, Kanpur, Lucknow, Vadodara, Kochi
Major Seas of India:Bay of Bengal, Arabian Sea, Indian Ocean
Animals of India:Tiger, Elephant, Lion, Bear, Deer, Rhinoceros, Neelgai, Chinkara, Indian flying fox, Ass
Tourist Places:Taj Mahal, Qutub Minar, Hawa Mahal, Jama Masjid, Konark Sun Temple, Sundarbans, India Gate, City palace Jaipur, Akshardham, Golkonda
Festivals of India:Diwali, Holi, Rath Yatra, Kumbh Mela, Janmasthami, Muharram, Id-ul-Fitr, Good Friday, Christmas

National Things/Symbols of India

National EmblemLion Capital of Ashoka at Sarnath
National Flag:Tricolor
National Anthem:"Jana Gana Mana"
National Song:“Vande Mataram”
National Animal:Tiger
National Flower:Lotus
National Fruit:Mango
National Bird:Peacock
Motto:"Satyameva Jayate"
National Tree of IndiaBanyan

National Days of India

Independence Day:15th August
Republic Day:26TH January
Teachers Day:5th September
Martyr’s Day:30th January, 23rd March
Children’s Day;14th November
Gandhi Jayanti:2nd October
National Education Day:11th November

Some Religions of India

ReligionPlace of WorshipReligious Books
HinduismTempleGita, Vedas
SikhismGurdwaraGuru Granth Sahib
JainismTemplesKalpa Sutra, Agama, Tattvartha,

Some Largest things of India

Largest State (Population Wise):Uttar Pradesh
Largest State (Area Wise):Rajasthan
Largest District:Kutch
Largest City:Mumbai
Largest Dessert:Thar
Largest Delta:Sundarban’s Delta
Largest Lake:Wular lake
Largest Saline water Lake:Chilka
Largest Port:Mumbai
Largest Rail Station:Howrah

Some Highest Things of India

Highest of IndiaThings
Highest Mountain peakKanchenjunga
Highest DamTehri Dam
Highest WaterfallKunchikal falls
Highest Railway StationGhum railway station of the Darjeeling
Highest LakeDevtaal
Highest TowerQutub Minar of Delhi

Some Longest Things of India

LongestThings of India
Longest RiverGanges
Longest DamHirakud Dam (Odisha)
Longest National HighwayNH7 (or 44)
Longest Railway PlatformGorakhpur railway station
Longest TunnelJawahar tunnel (Jammu & Kashmir)

Some events that happened first time in India

First In IndiaYear
First postage stamps of India1852 at district of scinde (also known as scinde dawk)
First post office of IndiaBombay in 1764
First train ran in India16 April, 1853 between Mumbai and Thane
First Telephone service in India1882,in city kolkata,chennai & mumbai
First Cinema of IndiaSilent movie Raja Harishchandra (1913), by Dadasaheb Phalke,
First Census of India1872
First time television startedIn Delhi on 15 September 1959
India’s First SatelliteAryabhata, was launched by the Soviet Union on 19 April 1975

Some Indians who made it First Time

First InName
First president of IndiaDr. Rajendra Prasad
First prime minister of IndiaJawahar Lal Nehru
First Indian in SpaceRakesh Sharma
First Speaker of the Lok SabhaGanesh Vasudeva Mavalankar
First Indian to win Nobel PrizeRabindranath Tagore
First Muslim President of IndiaZakir Hussain
First Indian to receive Bharat Ratna awardRadhakrishnan
First Indian to cross English ChannelMihir Sen
First woman Prime MinisterIndira Gandhi
First lady to become Miss WorldRita Faria
First Mount Everest ClimberTenzing Norgay
First Indian who won OscarSatyajit Ray
First Indian CricketerKS Ranjitsinhji, who played for England. CK Nayudu is the first cricketer who played for India

Some Important dates of Indian History

5000 BCIndus Valley Civilization
2000 BCVedic Age
563 BCBirth of Gautama Buddha
327 BCAlexander’s Invasion
276 BCAsoka’s Reign Started
320 ADStarting of Gupta Era
405-411 ADChinese Traveler Fahien’s visit
1191 First battle of Tarain
1192Second Battle of Tarain
1221Changez Khan’s Invasion
1296Al-ud-din Khilji’s Accession
1325Muhammad bin Tughlaq’s Accession
1469Birth of Guru Nanak
1498Vasco de Gama’s discovery of India
1526First battle of Panipat; Foundation of Mughal Era
1556Second Battle of Panipat
1600East India Company established
1761Third Battle of Panipat
1764Battle of Buxar
1857Revolt of 1857
1869Birth of Mahatma Gandhi
1885Foundation of National Congress
1906Foundation of Muslim League
1919Jalianwala Bagh Massacre
1920Non co operation Movement launched
1930Civil Disobedience Movement Launched
1931Gandhi-Irwin Pact
1937Provincial Autonomy
1942Quit India Movement
1947Division of India, Independence of India

Some nick names of Indian cities

Nick NameCity
Silicon Valley of IndiaBangalore
IT capital of IndiaBangalore
Manchester of IndiaAhmadabad
City of LakesBhopal
Temple city of IndiaBhubaneswar
Detroit of IndiaChennai
Auto hub of IndiaChennai
World capital of BiriyaniHyderabad
Pink cityJaipur
Golden city of IndiaJaisalmir
Steel city of IndiaJamshedpur
God’s Own CountryKochi
City of joyKolkata
City of PalacesKolkata
Cultural capital of IndiaKolkata
City of NawabsLucknow
Hollywood of IndiaMumbai
City of DreamsMumbai
Financial capital of IndiaMumbai
City of Seven islandsMumbai
City of RalliesNew Delhi
City of DiamondsSurat

Some Nick names of famous Indian personalities

Nick NamesPersons
Gurudev, Kabiguru, Rabindranath Tagore
Nightingale of IndiaSorojini Naidu
Father of Nation, BapuMahatma Gandhi
Iron Man of India, SarderVallavbhai Patel
Panditji/ ChachaJawaharlal Nehru
Frontier Gandhi, Badshah KhanKhan Abdul Ghaffar Khan
LokmanyaBal Gangadhar Tilak
Desh RatnaDr. Rajendra Prasad
Lal, Bal, PalLala Lajpat Rai, Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Bipin Chandra Pal
Napoleon of IndiaSamudra Gupta
Tota-e-HindAmir Khushro

Kapil Sharma : Biography, Facts, Profile

Kapil Sharma is an Indian comedian. He became famous from his show ‘Comedy Nights with Kapil’. He is well known for his quick responses in any situation.
Kapil Sharma
  • He was born on 2nd April 1981 in Amritsar, Punjab.
  • His father K. Sharma was a police constable in Punjab Police and his mother Janak Rani is a house wife. He has a brother Ashok Kumar and a sister Pooja. Muskan Sharma is his Sister in Law and he has a sweet niece Kayna.
  • He studied in the Shri Ram Ashram Sen School. He also attended Hindu college and Apeejay College of Fine Arts, Jalandhar. He used to do theaters from very young age.
  • He faced a lot of problems when his father died of cancer in 2004. He remembers those days as his life’s most difficult days. He had done a lot of struggle to reach the point where today he is.
  • He made his debut in TV as a comedian from the show Hasde Hasande Raho. Later he also won the Great Indian Laughter Challenge Season IV. He had won many seasons of the Comedy Circus.
  • But turning point in his life came from the show Comedy Nights with Kapil. From this show, he became a producer also. He started his own production house K9.
  • Beside comedian, he is a singer too. He participated in the singing show Star Ya Rockstar.
  • Some of the famous characters played by him are- Bittu Sharma in Comedy Nights with Kapil, Samsher Singh- the police officer of Punjab.
  • He also hosted many reality shows. Such as Jhalak Dikhhla Jaa Season 6, Chhote Miyan, 60th Filmfare awards and many more.
  • He is also doing a movie with the director duo Abbas-Mastan. He is the lead actor of the movie Kis Kisko Pyaar Karu.
  • He has won many awards. He won Indian Television Academy award in 2012, Star Guild Awards 2014. He was chosen as the CNN-IBN Indian of the year (Entertainer of the Year) in 2013.
Here are Some Funny moments of Kapil Sharmas Show

Quick Facts about Kapil Sharma

Name:Kapil Sharma
Nick Name:Tony
D.O.B:2nd April 1981
Family:Father: K. Sharma; Mother: Janak Rani; Brother: Ashok Sharma; Sister: Pooja; Sister in Law: Muskan Sharma; Niece: Kayna
Education:School: Shri Ram Ashram Sen School; College: Hindu college and Apeejay College of Fine Arts, Jalandhar
Famous as:Comedian, Singer, Anchor

Some funny moments of Kapil Sharma's show

There is  rumour that Kapil Sharma's show 'Comedy Nights with kapil Sharma' is going to be stalled for sometime. It will be bad news for the fans of Kapil Sharma. The show has created a huge response. In this time, it is very sad to stop it. Though what it has given to the audience in this time is very big. Here are some moments of the show which i have collected from the internet which will bring laughter to your face for sure.

Aapko Pataa hain ki Popcorn ko garam tave par rakhne par wo uchhalte kyon hain?

 How Kapil got late?

 Why Bhumika Chawla is not with Salman Khan?

 How Titanic drowned?

 When Kapil's wish came true

**images are collected form different sources..if anyone has any dissatisfaction then please contact us through the form.

Facts and information about Mumbai Local Trains

Local trains are the inseparable part of Mumbai city. Mumbai’s life gets stuck without the local trains. That is the reason it is also called the lifeline of Mumbai.

  • Mumbai suburban railway is the oldest railway system of Asia. The first train was run on 16 April, 1853 between Bori Bunder and Thane.
  • Mumbai local trains are famous for its crowding. About 8 million people travel by these trains daily. At the peak hours, hardly any space lefts for the people to put their foot (i.e. Super Dense Crush Load)
  • It is the busiest rapid transit system of the world. About 2.66 billion people travel in these trains yearly.
  • Mumbai suburban railway is spread over 465 Kilometers and about 2,500 train services are running.
  • These trains hardly gets stop. At night, train services are put on hold for only 3-4 hours.
  • Indian railways two zonal divisions- Central Railway and Western Railway are responsible for the operation of local trains.
  • Mumbai local trains are also known for the accidents. About two thousand people die annually on the Mumbai suburban rail network.

Revolt of 1857 India:causes, effects, history,

One of the important events of Indian history is the Revolt of 1857. It was the first rebellion against the East India Company which took the massive form.

  • The main persons behind this rebellion were the soldiers [sepoy]. That is why it is also called sepoy Mutiny. But the revolt did not remain limited to the soldiers, later it spread and took a massive form. Some people also called this-‘India’s first war of Independence’.
  • The revolt was started on 10th May of 1857 in the town of Meerut. Though in some places, fractional clashes began before that. It ended on 20 June 1858.
  • The first martyr of 1957 revolt was Mangal Pandey. He attacked his British sergeant on 29 March 1857 at Barrackpore.
  • Some of the leaders of the rebellion were- Rani Lakshmibai [Jhansi],Kunwar Singh [Bihar], Bahadur Shah [Delhi], Nana Saheb [Kanpur], Tatia Tope [Kanpur], Begum Hazrat Mahal [Lucknow]. There was a deficiency of central leadership.
  • The revolt was started due to the induction of enfield riffles in the army. It was believed that the cartridges used in the riffles were made of pig fat and cow fat which were restricted for the Muslims and Hindus respectively. They protested against these.
  • Lord canning was the governor general at that time.
  • The revolt was failed to spread across the India. Some epicenters of the revolt were- Kanpur, Lucknow, Aligarh, Agra, Arrah, Delhi, and Jhansi.

Causes of The Revolt
Induction of enfield riffles in the army, catridge of which had fat of cow and pig. Hindu and Muslim soldiers protested against this.
There was discrimination among the British and Indian soldiers. British soldier’s behavior was rude against the Indian soldiers.
The policies used by the British for territorial annexation [Doctrine of lapse, Subsidiary Alliance] angered the Indian rulers.
There was fear that British were converting Hindus and Muslims in Christianity.
The social reforms introduced by the British made some of the people angry.

Reasons of Failure
There was communication gap between the leaders of different parts of India.
There was no central leadership and the rebellion got limited to some parts of India only.
Rebels did not have enough weapons and finance where British people had advanced weapons and enough finance.
Lack of planning and discipline among the rebels.

Effects of the Revolt
East India Company’s rule ended in India and the ruler ship was handed over to the Queen Victoria.
Reforms were introduced in the army and all the steps were taken so that no such incident occurs in the future.
Indian’s were assured of better governance.
It was declared that there will be no discrimination and people will have more power and respect.
Doctrine of Lapse was withdrawn.

Facts and information about the Spices of Indian Food

Spices are very important part of Indian food. Without the spices Indian food is incomplete. Some of the popular spices used in Indian food are- Asafetida (Hing), Black Pepper (Kali Mirchi), Celery (Ajmud), Cinnamon (Dalchini), Cloves (Loung), Corriander Powder (Dhania Powder), Fennel Seed (Saunf), Fenugreek Seed (Methi  Seed), Brown Mustard Seed (Rai), Poppy Seed (Khus Khus)etc.
  • Spices can be used in different forms depending upon the need. Sometimes green spices (Green chile, Ginger, Corriander Leaves) are used, sometimes their seeds (coriander seeds, mustard seeds) or the roasted version of it are also used.
  • Some spices are nothing but the mixture of different spices. Such as garam masala. It is nothing but the mixture of several spices. We can make different type of garam masala by mixing different spices in different ratio.
  • Today we use a large variety of spices. But in the beginning in Indus valley civilization we were not aware of the spices. We started using spices in the vedic age.
  • Some of the spices used in Indian food is borrowed from the people of other countries. Like sugar. The use of sugar is learnt by Indians from the protugese.
  • Spices are not only good for improving the taste of food but some of the spices have medicinal value also. Turmeric is a natural antiseptic, Cumin helps in asthma, Ginger helps in digestion, Cardamom helps in bad breadth, Clove is very useful for tooth and gum, Black Pepper is used to treat cough and fever.
  • Indian Institute of spices research is located in Kozhikode, Kerala. Its main purpose is to research different Indian spices.

Indian Forest- facts, information

Forest is a important natural resource of any country. India is very lucky in this matter as its large part is covered with natural dense forests.

  • It is estimated that about 20 percent of India’s area is covered by the forest. That is about 65 million hectare area.
  • India ranks first in consuming fuel wood. But most of the fuel wood comes from the agricultural waste. Otherwise no forests would have remained.
  • India is among the top ten countries which are forest rich. These top ten countries are host of the 6o% of forest of world.
  • Besides wood forest, India has large amount of non wood forests. These non wood forests are the source of Latex, gum, aroma chemicals, medicines etc.
  • The forests of India are classified into following classes- 1)Tropical evergreen forests, 2)Himalayan Vegetation,3) Mangrove forests of coastal area, 4)Tropical Desiduous Forest or Monsoon forests, 5)Tropical Thorn and Shrubs Forest.
  • The top state of India having the largest area under forests is Madhya Pradesh followed by Arunachal Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha.
  • Indian forests are the home of many animals and birds. About 90000 animal spices are found in India and about 1300 spices of birds are living in these forests.

    Types of Indian Forest

Forest Type Information
Tropical Evergreen Forest
  • This type of forest is found in the regions which have average temperature of 25 degree Centigrade and receives about 200 cm rainfall
  • This type of forest is found in Western Ghats, North Eastern Regions and in Andaman and Nicobar
  • Rosewood, Gurjan, Mahogany, Ebony are the few species which are found in this forest
  • Height of the trees in this forest are very high and they don't shed leaves
Himalayan Vegetation
  • This type of forest is found in the high altitude of Himalaya. With the change in the altitude, the features of tress also get change
  • At a height of 1000-1500 Meter, Sal, Teak, Bamboo grows
  • At an altitude of 3000-3500 Meter, Pine, Oak, Deodar, Cedar grows
  • At higher altitude only tundra vegetation - Mosses, Lichens are found
Mangrove Forest
  • Mangrove forest is generally grows in the wet coastal areas (Saline and Swampy area)
  • This type of forest in found in the mouths of river Ganges, Brahmaputra, Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna
  • Major species of trees found in this forest are - Sundari, Keora, Garan, Hogla.
  • The major feature of these trees is stilt roots which grows to support the trees
  • This type of forest is also known as Tidal Forest as their growth is dependent on tides
  • In West Bengal, this type of forest is known as Sundarbans
Tropical Deciduous Forest
  • This type of forest is found in the area where rainfall is between 100-200 cm and average temperature is 27 degree Centigrade
  • This forest is found in Indian sates - West Bengal, Bihar, Odisha, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra etc
  • This is the largest type of forest in India. It is also known as Monsoon forest
  • The main trees of these forest are - Teak, Sal, Deodar, Sisam, Mahua, Palash, Bamboo, Arjun, Ebony
  • The trees of this forest drops their leaves during dry summer or dry winter season
Tropical Thorn and Shrubs Forest
  • This type of forest is found in area where average temperature is 25-30 degree Centigrade and average rainfall is 50 cm
  • Mostly found in Indian States - Rajasthan, Gujarat, Punjab, Haryana
  • Major trees found in this forest are - Neem, Date, Cacti, Palm, Acacia
  • The trees of this forest have lesser leaves and have features of Xerophyte

Facts and information about Dharavi:The slum of Mumbai

Dharavi is a locality of Mumbai where India’s largest slum is situated. Dharavi is also regarded as the third largest slum of world after the slums of Mexico’s Neza-Chalco-Itza and Karachi’s Orangi. Though some people believe that, there are larger slums in Mumbai than the Dharavi. 

  • Dharavi was founded in 1882 at the time of British Raj. During the 18th century unplanned localities started to grow when the urbanization of Mumbai was going on. As a result Mumbai became vulnerable to the epidemics. After the bubonic plague spread in Mumbai, British government transferred some polluting industries and some Indian localities to the place where dharavi is located. Gradually, the locality spread and the slum was born.
  • It is spread over an area of 535 acres. It lies between the two railway lines, the western and central railway. It is surrounded by Mahim, Bandra in west, Mithi river in north, Sion in south, and Matunga in east.
  • Dharavi is highly populated. Exact population of dharavi is unknown. It is estimated that about a million people lives there. That is about 600-2000 people per acre.
  • 60 percent of the population is hindu, 33 percent of the population is muslim and 6 percent of the population is Christian. The first mosque of dharavi -'The Badi Masgid' was started in 1887. The oldest temple was founded in 1913. The first school in dharavi started in 1924.
  • Dharavi is the home of about 5000 businesses and 15,000 single room factories. Total annual turnover of dharavi is about $650 million to $1 billion.