Niti Aayog: facts, information, general knowledge

Niti Aayog is a think tank of Government of India which provides strategic inputs to the policy making  and development process of India. It is a non constitutional body.
niti aayog
  • The full form of Niti Aayog is National institution for transforming India. It was established by Narendra Modi government.
  • Niti Aayog was established to replace the planning commission. It was formed on 1st January 2015.
  • Niti Aayog differs from planning commission in many aspects. Niti Aayog has no power in allocating funds. It is dependent on Finance ministry for that. It has less number of full time members  then Planning Commission. But it can have part time members on the basis of needs.
  • The main objective of Niti Aayog is to improve coordination of State Government and Central Government. State government has now larger part in Niti Aayog than Planning Commission.
  • The first Vice Chairperson of Niti Aayog is Arvind Panagariya and first CEO is Amitabh Kant.

Members of Niti Aayog 

Chairperson Prime Minister
Governing Council Chief Ministers of States and Lt. Governors of Union Territories
Vice Chairperson 1 Member
Full time Members 3 Members
Part time Members 2 Members
Ex Officio Members 4 Members from council of ministers
Chief Executive Officer Rank of Secretary
Special Invitees Specialists and Experts of various fields
Secretariat 1 Member

Objectives of Niti Aayog 

  • Active involvement of States in development process and to foster cooperative federalism
  • Developing plans at village level and paying attention to the section which are not benefiting from the economic progress. 
  • Preparing policy and plans for long term goals, monitoring them, collecting feedback, making improvements time to time from the feedback.
  • Collaboration of National and International think tanks and different departments to provide advice.
  • Developing Economic policy which also helps in National Security.
  • Resolving different inter-sectoral and inter-departmental issues for faster execution of plans.
  • Up gradation of technologies and capacity building.

Indian Painter Jamini Roy : Biography, facts, information

Jamini Roy was a famous Indian Painter. He is famous for his paintings which carries simplicity and the essence of the Indian life. His paintings were inspired from the work of Patua.
  • He was born on 11 April 1887 in the district of Bankura of West Bengal. His family was moderately prosperous. His father was Ramataran Roy.
    Jamini Roy
    Jamini Roy 1887-1972
  • In the year 1903, he joined the Government College of Art, Kolkata. He was sixteen at that time. There under the guidance of Abanindranath Tagore, He learnt the different aspects of paintings. He received the diploma in fine arts in 1908.
  • At the beginning of his career he started with the western style paintings and earned fame also. But he was not satisfied with the European portrait style and later switched to Indian folk art.
  • He turned himself to the Indian art and started experimenting with the patua style of painting. His inspiration for that came from the Kalighat paintings and from the different village patuas.
  • His paintings were first exhibited in 1938 at British India Street of Calcutta. Later his paintings were also exhibited in London, New York. His paintings were quite famous during the 1940.
  • Some of his famous paintings are - Krishna and Balarama, Santal Boy with Drum, Mother and the child, Cats Plus, Cats Sharing a Prawn, Crucifixion with Attendant Angels, Krishna with Gopis in Boat.
  • The main theme of his paintings were life of rural Bengal and religion.
  • He was conferred many awards for his contribution to art. In 1954, he was awarded Padma Bhushan by Government of India. He was made first Fellow of the Lalit Kala Akademi in 1955.
  • He took his last breath on April 24, 1972.

Jamini Roy Timeline

1887 Jamini Roy was born in Bankura, West Bengal
1903 Joined the Government college of Art
1908 Received the Diploma in Art
1934 Awarded Viceroy's gold medal in an all India exhibition
1938 Paintings were exhibited first time in the British India Street of Calcutta
1946 His work was exhibited in London
1953 His paintings were exhibited in New York
1954 He was awarded the Padma Bhushan Award
1955 He was chosen first Fellow of the Lalit Kala Akademi
1972 He died

Magician P C Sorcar: Facts, Biography, Information

P C Sorcar also known as Jadusamrat (Emperor of Magic) was a world famous Indian magician. He used to perform on stage during the 1960. He is known for his famous show Indrajal.
  • The full name of P C Sorcar is Protul Chandra Sorcar. He was born on 23 February 1913 in Tangail which is now part of Bangladesh. He was destined to be a great magician as he was born in a family where magic was practiced for a long time.
    P C Sorcar
    P C Sorcar 1913-1971
  • His father was Bhagawan Chandra Sorcar and his mother was Kusum Kamini.  He had a brother Atul Chandra Sorcar. He married to Basanti Devi. They had three sons – Manick Sorcar; P.C. Sorcar, Jr.;and P.C. Sorcar,Young.
  • P C Sorcar was a brilliant student. He earned his I.A degree in 1931 from Karotia College with first class and B.A. degree from Ananda Mohan College. He learned magic from his teacher Genapati Chakraborty.
  • He was very passionate about magic from his childhood. This was the reason that he chose magic as his profession though at that time it was not a very worthwhile profession. But he changed that thing. He not only became a great magician but also inspired other people to took magic as their profession.
  • He started performing while he was a student. Gradually, his show attracted attention of people and he was quite famous during 1930.
  • Initially he used to perform in Kolkata but with time he started in other places. He also started performing in other countries specially in Japan. This earned him a great reputation around the world.
  • His show Indrajal became very famous internationally. He used to perform to the live audiences and on Television.
  • He was honored with many awards in his life. He won the Sphinx award also known as Oscar of magic in 1946 and 1954. He was awarded Padma Shri in 1964. Beside that, a street in Kolkata is named after him. In 2010 Indian post issued a stamp to honor him.
  • He also authored many books and articles on magic. His some of the books are “Magic for you”, “Indian Magic”, “Hindu Magic”, “History of Magic”.
  • He took his last breath on 6 January 1971 in Japan while he was performing.

Timeline of P C Sorcar

1913 P C Sorkar was born in a family of Magician
1929 Graduated from Tangail Shibnath High School
1931  Earned his Intermediate in Arts degree from the Karotia College
1933 Passed his BA degree and choose magic as his profession
1946 Received the Sphinx award (Oscar of Magic)
1950-60 Performed many shows internationally
1954 He received the Sphinx Award sceond time
1964 Indian government honoured him with the Padma Shri award
1971 He died in Japan
2010 Indian Post issued a postal stamp to honour him

List of Indian Scientists their work and information

Indian ScientistsInformation/work
C V RamanIndian physicist
In 1930, he won nobel prize for his work in light Scattering
He is well know for the Raman effect and Rman Scattering
Homi J BhabhaIndian nuclear physicist
He is also known as Father of Indian Nuclear Programe
Under his directorship Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) and Trombay Atomic Energy Establishment grown to its fullest
Satyendra Nath BosePhysicist and Mathematician
He is well known for the Bose-Einstein statistics
The Boson particle was named after him
Subrahmanyan ChandrasekharIndian American astrophysicist
He won Nobel prize in 1983 with William A Fowler
He is famous for his Chandrasekher Limit
Srinivasa RamanujanIndian mathematician
He had published many theorems with English mathematician G. H. Hardy
Some of his famous works are Ramanujan conjecture, Ramanujan prime, Ramanujan-Soldner constant, Ramanujan theta function, Ramanujan's sum.
A P J Abdul kalamPhysicist and Aerospace Engineer
Commonly known as Missile Man of India. He has contributed much in the development of Missile Technology in India
He was also involved in Space research programme and in PSLV development
In 1997 he was awarded with Bharat Ratna
Jagdish Chandra BoseIndian physicist, biologist, biophysicist, botanist
He is one of the fathers of radio science.
His works are Millimetre waves, Crescograph
Meghnad SahaIndian Astrophysicist
He is famous for his work in Thermal Ionisation and Saha Equation
Shanti Swaroop BhatnagarHe has worked in the field of Chemistry
He is also known as Father of Indian Research Laboratories
He was the first director of CSIR (Council of Scientfic and Industrial Research).
After his name CSIR started the award Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for Science and Technology
Vikram SarabhaiIndian Physicst
He is also called as the Father of India's Space program
He was the founder of Physical Research Laboratory, ISRO
Birbal SahniIndian paleobotanist
His focus of study was Plant Evolution and fossil plants of india.
He is the founder of Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany at Lucknow
BrahmaguptaIndian mathematician
He is well famous for Zero and modern Number system
S.S. AbhyankarIndian American mathematician
He is well known for Abhyankar's conjecture of finite group theory.
Prasanta Chandra MahalanobisIndian mathematician and Statistician
He is well known for Mahalanobis distance
Harish ChandraIndian American mathematician and physicist
His famous works are Harish-Chandra's c-function, Harish-Chandra's character formula, Harish-Chandra homomorphism, Harish-Chandra isomorphism, Harish-Chandra module, Harish-Chandra's regularity theorem
Prafulla Chandra RayIndian Chemist
He is the founder of Bengal Chemicals & Pharmaceuticals
G N RamachandranIndian physicist
He is famous for Ramachandran plot
Venkatraman RamakrishnanIndian-American-British structural biologist
He won Noble prize in 2009 in Chemistry with Thomas A. Steitz and Ada Yonath
His some of the works are Structure and function of the ribosome,
macromolecular crystallography
Anil KakodkarIndian nuclear scientist
He was part of Indian Nuclear programs, Pokhran II, Smiling Buddha
He was associated with many institutions BARC, Atomic Energy Commission of India, Department of Atomic Energy
Yellapragada SubbarowIndian biochemist
He has discovered the role of phosphocreatine and adenosine triphosphate in muscular activity.
He is known for synthesis of folic acid and synthesis of methotrexate.
C N R RaoIndian chemist
His worked is mainly in solid-state and structural chemistry
He was awarded the Bharat Ratna in 2013. He is currently the Head of the Scientific Advisory Council to the Prime Minister of India.
He has authored around 1500 research papers and 45 books
Jayant NarlikarIndian astrophysicist
He is well known for Hoyle-Narlikar theory
Raja RamannaIndian physicist
He is well known for his role in India's Nuclear Program-Smiling Buddha, Shakti
Raj ReddyIndian-American computer scientist
He has done tremendous work in Artificial Intelligence.
He won the Turing Award in 1994
Upendranath BrahmachariIndian Medical Practitioner
He discovered the Urea Stibamine, it was helpful in the treatment of Kala-azar
Narendra KarmakarIndian mathematician
He is well known for Karmakar's Algorithm
Ashoke SenIndian theoretical physicist
His work area is String Theory
His well known works are S-duality and Sen Conjecture.
He has won the Fundmental Physics prize
Abhay AshtekarIndian theoretical physicist
Creator of Ashtekar variables
He was the part of team who discovered loop quantum gravity and its subfield loop quantum cosmology.
He and his team calculated the entrophy of a Black Hole
M S SwaminathanIndian geneticist
He is known as Indian Father of Green Revolution.
He has developed the high-yielding varieties of wheat in India.
He is the founder of MS Swaminathan Research Foundation
Animesh ChakravortyProfessor of Chemistry
Worked in the field of Coordination complex
Raghunath Anant MashelkarIndian chemical engineer
He has played key roles in Intellectual Property Rights and formation of R&D
Ashok GadgilHe has worked in Energy and Environmental Technologies.
He is famous for UV Waterworks and Darfur Stoves
Anna ManiIndian physicist and meteorologist
She has contributed in meteorological instrumentation
Mokshagundam VisvesvarayaIndian Civil Engineer
He is famous for construction of the Krishna Raja Sagara dam, chief designer of the flood protection system for the city of Hyderabad.
He won the Bharat Ratna Award in 1955. In his memory, 15 September is celebrated as Engineers Day in India.
M G K MenonIndian physicist
He is famous for the KGF Experiments.
He was also associated with many research institutions and helped them to shape
AryabhataIndian mathematics and Indian astronomy
He was known as the first to introduce the concepts like lunar eclipse and solar eclipse, rotation of Earth on its axis, reflection of light by moon, sinusoidal functions.
Narinder Singh KapanyIndian-born American physicist
He is also called as the Father of Fiber Optics
He has done excellect work in the area of fiber optics
E C George SudarshanIndian theoretical physicist
His some of the best works are Optical coherence, Sudarshan-Glauber representation, V-A theory, Tachyons, Quantum Zeno effect
Govindarajan PadmanabanIndian biochemist and biotechnologist
He has done many experiments related to celluar processes and is also interested in Vaccine development
Padmanabhan BalaramIndian biochemist
His focus of work is peptides
Kailash Nath kaulIndian botanist, agronomist, agricultural scientist.
His notable work is Arecaceae Research
K R RamanathanIndian physicist and meteorologist
He helped in the foundation of Dobson ozone spectrophotometer stations in India
BhaskaraIndian mathematician and astronomer
His work related to equations and algebra was remarkable
Ganapathi ThanikaimoniIndian palynologist
He contributed significantly in the area of palynology
Aditi PantIndian oceanographer
First Indian women to visit Antartica. She was in Indian expedition to Antarctica in 1983
Roddam NarasimhaIndian aerospace scientist and fluid dynamicist
He contributed significantly in Aerospace technology development in India
K RadhakrishnanSpace Researcher
He is known for Chandrayaan and MOM
Anil BhardwajHis work area is Space and planetary science.
He was part of many experiments- SARA (Sub-keV Atom Reflecting Analyzer) experiment on the Chandrayaan-1 mission, MENCA experiment on the first Indian Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM), CHACE-2 experiment on the Chandrayaan-2
He is member of ISRO and many national institutes
Krishnaswamy KasturiranganIndian space scientist
He was associated with Indian satellite developments
Amal Kumar RaychaudhuriIndian physicist
His research area is General Relativity and cosmology.
He is famous for the Raychaudhuri equation.
He is also a great teacher and many of his students are scientists.
Rajesh GopakumarIndian theoretical physicist
His work is specially focused on String theory
He is known for Gopakumar-Vafa duality, Gopakumar-Vafa invariants
Kariamanickam Srinivasa KrishnanIndian physicist
He was co-discoverer of Raman Effect for which C V Raman got Nobel prize
Thanu PadmanabhanIndian theoretical physicist and cosmologist
His focus of work is Dark Energy, Quantum Gravity, Gravitation
Vijay P BhatkarIndian computer scientist
He was the Architect of PARAM series of Supercomputers
Pisharoth Rama PisharotyIndian physicist and meteorologist
He is also known as Father of remote sensing in India
Salim AliIndian ornithologist
He is also called as Birdman of India
He helped in developing bird sanctuaries and protecting them.

Chanakya: facts, biography, history

Chanakya was an Indian teacher, economist and a political adviser. He played a key role in the establishment of the Maurya dynasty. He is also known as Kautilya or Vishnu Gupta.

Chanakya (350 BC-283 BC)
  • Chanakya was born in ancient India, 350 BC. His birth place is a subject of controversy. Some believes he was born in Taxila and some says he was born in South India.
  • His father was Canin (or Chanak) and his mother was Canesvari. His name was derived from the name of his father.
  • Chanakya was a Brahmin and he got his education from the ancient university Takshashila. Later he also became a teacher there.
  • Though he was a Brahmin he had all the capability to rule a kingdom. He was not good looking but he had tremendous knowledge.
  • He began his search for a true king when Dhanananda, the king of the Nanda dynasty insulted him and thrown him out from the kings court. Chanakya understood that Magdha was in vulnearable state under the leadership of Dhanananda. His search for a powerful and true leader ended when he met Chandragupta Maurya. Chandragupta was a young boy (about 12-13 years old). Chanakya taught him about ruling and warfare. Later they ended the Nanda dynasty and established Maurya Dynasty. Chandragupta became the first king of Maurya Dynasty and Chandragupta became his prime minister.
  • Under the guidance of Chanakya, Maurya Empire became the largest empire of that time. 
  • Later Chanakya chose Bindusara, son of Chandragupta as the heir of Maurya Empire. He remained as the adviser of Bindusara.
  • Chanakya is the author of Arthashastra and Chanakya-Niti. Arthashastra is a book on Economics. The policies discussed in the book are still relevant. Chanakya-Niti is a collection of aphorisms. 
  • Chanakya was died in 283 BC. There are many versions of stories regarding the death of Chanakya. Some says that after his retirement he went to jungle and died there. Some says that he was died because of the conspiracy of Subandhu, a minister of the Bindusara’s court.
  • Many serials and films are made on the story of Chanakya. Such as Chanakya (TV series), Chanakya Chandragupta (Telugu Film). Many books are also written on the policies of Chanakya.

Wildlife of India: facts, information

India is a vast country and many of its area is under the cover of forest. Variety of animals and trees are found in these forests. This makes India’s wildlife rich and diverse.

  • The popular animals of India are –Bengal Tiger, Indian Lions, Deer, Black Bears, Asian Elephant, Monkeys, Camels and many more.
  • India has about 500 Wildlife Sanctuaries, 120 National Park and 18 Bio-reserves.
  • We can understand about India’s richer and diverse wildlife from the fact that India has three biodiversity hot-spots among the 34 biodiversity hot-spots of the world. They are- Western Ghats, Eastern Himalayas, and Indo-Burma.
  • India is also a Mega-diverse country along with other 16 countries. These Mega-diverse countries are the home of 60-70% of world’s diversity.
  • India is home of about 172 threatened spices – Asian Elephant, Asian Lion, Bengal Tiger, Mugger Crocodile, Rhinoceros etc.
  • About 1300 species of birds are found in India among these 42 are endemic. Some of the common Indian birds are- Ringed Parrot, Green Bee Eater, Indian Roller, Koel, Blue Kingfisher, Laughing Dove.
  • Royal Bengal Tiger and the Peacock are the National animal and National Bird of India respectively. Ganges river dolphin is the national aquatic animal and Hanuman Langur is the national mammal of India.
  • Some of the common trees found in India are- Neem, Banyan, Peepal, Audumbar, and Bamboo.

General Knowledge and basic information about India

Basic information About india

Capital of India:New Delhi
Belongs in Continent:Asia
Location:28°36.8′N, 77°12.5′E
Other Names of India:Hindustan, Bharat,
Neighbor countries:China, Nepal, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Myanmar
Population:1,210,193,422 (2nd )
Area:3,287,590 km2 (7th)
Total Coast Line of India:7,517 KM
Land Frontier:15,200 Km
Length from East to West:2933 KM
Length from North to South:3214 Km
Official Languages:Hindi, English
Currency:Indian Rupee
Important Rivers:Ganges, Brahmaputra, Indus, Godavari, Mahanadi, Krishna, Kaveri, Luni, Narmada, Yamuna, Sutlej, Jhelum, Koshi, Gandaki
Important Mountains:Himalaya, Eastern Ghats, Western Ghats, Karakoram, Aravalli, Satpura,
Indian States:29
Union Territories:6+ 1 Capital Territory
Main Agricultural Products:Rice, Wheat, Sugar Cane, Cotton, Jute, Tea, Coffee, Spices,
Major Cities of India:Mumbai, Kolkata, New Delhi, Bangalore, Chennai, Ahmadabad, Pune, Hyderabad, Surat, Indore, Jaipur, Kanpur, Lucknow, Vadodara, Kochi
Major Seas of India:Bay of Bengal, Arabian Sea, Indian Ocean
Animals of India:Tiger, Elephant, Lion, Bear, Deer, Rhinoceros, Neelgai, Chinkara, Indian flying fox, Ass
Tourist Places:Taj Mahal, Qutub Minar, Hawa Mahal, Jama Masjid, Konark Sun Temple, Sundarbans, India Gate, City palace Jaipur, Akshardham, Golkonda
Festivals of India:Diwali, Holi, Rath Yatra, Kumbh Mela, Janmasthami, Muharram, Id-ul-Fitr, Good Friday, Christmas

National Things/Symbols of India

National EmblemLion Capital of Ashoka at Sarnath
National Flag:Tricolor
National Anthem:"Jana Gana Mana"
National Song:“Vande Mataram”
National Animal:Tiger
National Flower:Lotus
National Fruit:Mango
National Bird:Peacock
Motto:"Satyameva Jayate"
National Tree of IndiaBanyan

National Days of India

Independence Day:15th August
Republic Day:26TH January
Teachers Day:5th September
Martyr’s Day:30th January, 23rd March
Children’s Day;14th November
Gandhi Jayanti:2nd October
National Education Day:11th November

Some Religions of India

ReligionPlace of WorshipReligious Books
HinduismTempleGita, Vedas
SikhismGurdwaraGuru Granth Sahib
JainismTemplesKalpa Sutra, Agama, Tattvartha,

Some Largest things of India

Largest State (Population Wise):Uttar Pradesh
Largest State (Area Wise):Rajasthan
Largest District:Kutch
Largest City:Mumbai
Largest Dessert:Thar
Largest Delta:Sundarban’s Delta
Largest Lake:Wular lake
Largest Saline water Lake:Chilka
Largest Port:Mumbai
Largest Rail Station:Howrah

Some Highest Things of India

Highest of IndiaThings
Highest Mountain peakKanchenjunga
Highest DamTehri Dam
Highest WaterfallKunchikal falls
Highest Railway StationGhum railway station of the Darjeeling
Highest LakeDevtaal
Highest TowerQutub Minar of Delhi

Some Longest Things of India

LongestThings of India
Longest RiverGanges
Longest DamHirakud Dam (Odisha)
Longest National HighwayNH7 (or 44)
Longest Railway PlatformGorakhpur railway station
Longest TunnelJawahar tunnel (Jammu & Kashmir)

Some events that happened first time in India

First In IndiaYear
First postage stamps of India1852 at district of scinde (also known as scinde dawk)
First post office of IndiaBombay in 1764
First train ran in India16 April, 1853 between Mumbai and Thane
First Telephone service in India1882,in city kolkata,chennai & mumbai
First Cinema of IndiaSilent movie Raja Harishchandra (1913), by Dadasaheb Phalke,
First Census of India1872
First time television startedIn Delhi on 15 September 1959
India’s First SatelliteAryabhata, was launched by the Soviet Union on 19 April 1975

Some Indians who made it First Time

First InName
First president of IndiaDr. Rajendra Prasad
First prime minister of IndiaJawahar Lal Nehru
First Indian in SpaceRakesh Sharma
First Speaker of the Lok SabhaGanesh Vasudeva Mavalankar
First Indian to win Nobel PrizeRabindranath Tagore
First Muslim President of IndiaZakir Hussain
First Indian to receive Bharat Ratna awardRadhakrishnan
First Indian to cross English ChannelMihir Sen
First woman Prime MinisterIndira Gandhi
First lady to become Miss WorldRita Faria
First Mount Everest ClimberTenzing Norgay
First Indian who won OscarSatyajit Ray
First Indian CricketerKS Ranjitsinhji, who played for England. CK Nayudu is the first cricketer who played for India

Some Important dates of Indian History

5000 BCIndus Valley Civilization
2000 BCVedic Age
563 BCBirth of Gautama Buddha
327 BCAlexander’s Invasion
276 BCAsoka’s Reign Started
320 ADStarting of Gupta Era
405-411 ADChinese Traveler Fahien’s visit
1191 First battle of Tarain
1192Second Battle of Tarain
1221Changez Khan’s Invasion
1296Al-ud-din Khilji’s Accession
1325Muhammad bin Tughlaq’s Accession
1469Birth of Guru Nanak
1498Vasco de Gama’s discovery of India
1526First battle of Panipat; Foundation of Mughal Era
1556Second Battle of Panipat
1600East India Company established
1761Third Battle of Panipat
1764Battle of Buxar
1857Revolt of 1857
1869Birth of Mahatma Gandhi
1885Foundation of National Congress
1906Foundation of Muslim League
1919Jalianwala Bagh Massacre
1920Non co operation Movement launched
1930Civil Disobedience Movement Launched
1931Gandhi-Irwin Pact
1937Provincial Autonomy
1942Quit India Movement
1947Division of India, Independence of India

Some nick names of Indian cities

Nick NameCity
Silicon Valley of IndiaBangalore
IT capital of IndiaBangalore
Manchester of IndiaAhmadabad
City of LakesBhopal
Temple city of IndiaBhubaneswar
Detroit of IndiaChennai
Auto hub of IndiaChennai
World capital of BiriyaniHyderabad
Pink cityJaipur
Golden city of IndiaJaisalmir
Steel city of IndiaJamshedpur
God’s Own CountryKochi
City of joyKolkata
City of PalacesKolkata
Cultural capital of IndiaKolkata
City of NawabsLucknow
Hollywood of IndiaMumbai
City of DreamsMumbai
Financial capital of IndiaMumbai
City of Seven islandsMumbai
City of RalliesNew Delhi
City of DiamondsSurat

Some Nick names of famous Indian personalities

Nick NamesPersons
Gurudev, Kabiguru, Rabindranath Tagore
Nightingale of IndiaSorojini Naidu
Father of Nation, BapuMahatma Gandhi
Iron Man of India, SarderVallavbhai Patel
Panditji/ ChachaJawaharlal Nehru
Frontier Gandhi, Badshah KhanKhan Abdul Ghaffar Khan
LokmanyaBal Gangadhar Tilak
Desh RatnaDr. Rajendra Prasad
Lal, Bal, PalLala Lajpat Rai, Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Bipin Chandra Pal
Napoleon of IndiaSamudra Gupta
Tota-e-HindAmir Khushro

Kapil Sharma : Biography, Facts, Profile

Kapil Sharma is an Indian comedian. He became famous from his show ‘Comedy Nights with Kapil’. He is well known for his quick responses in any situation.
Kapil Sharma
  • He was born on 2nd April 1981 in Amritsar, Punjab.
  • His father K. Sharma was a police constable in Punjab Police and his mother Janak Rani is a house wife. He has a brother Ashok Kumar and a sister Pooja. Muskan Sharma is his Sister in Law and he has a sweet niece Kayna.
  • He studied in the Shri Ram Ashram Sen School. He also attended Hindu college and Apeejay College of Fine Arts, Jalandhar. He used to do theaters from very young age.
  • He faced a lot of problems when his father died of cancer in 2004. He remembers those days as his life’s most difficult days. He had done a lot of struggle to reach the point where today he is.
  • He made his debut in TV as a comedian from the show Hasde Hasande Raho. Later he also won the Great Indian Laughter Challenge Season IV. He had won many seasons of the Comedy Circus.
  • But turning point in his life came from the show Comedy Nights with Kapil. From this show, he became a producer also. He started his own production house K9.
  • Beside comedian, he is a singer too. He participated in the singing show Star Ya Rockstar.
  • Some of the famous characters played by him are- Bittu Sharma in Comedy Nights with Kapil, Samsher Singh- the police officer of Punjab.
  • He also hosted many reality shows. Such as Jhalak Dikhhla Jaa Season 6, Chhote Miyan, 60th Filmfare awards and many more.
  • He is also doing a movie with the director duo Abbas-Mastan. He is the lead actor of the movie Kis Kisko Pyaar Karu.
  • He has won many awards. He won Indian Television Academy award in 2012, Star Guild Awards 2014. He was chosen as the CNN-IBN Indian of the year (Entertainer of the Year) in 2013.
Here are Some Funny moments of Kapil Sharmas Show

Quick Facts about Kapil Sharma

Name:Kapil Sharma
Nick Name:Tony
D.O.B:2nd April 1981
Family:Father: K. Sharma; Mother: Janak Rani; Brother: Ashok Sharma; Sister: Pooja; Sister in Law: Muskan Sharma; Niece: Kayna
Education:School: Shri Ram Ashram Sen School; College: Hindu college and Apeejay College of Fine Arts, Jalandhar
Famous as:Comedian, Singer, Anchor

Some funny moments of Kapil Sharma's show

There is  rumour that Kapil Sharma's show 'Comedy Nights with kapil Sharma' is going to be stalled for sometime. It will be bad news for the fans of Kapil Sharma. The show has created a huge response. In this time, it is very sad to stop it. Though what it has given to the audience in this time is very big. Here are some moments of the show which i have collected from the internet which will bring laughter to your face for sure.

Aapko Pataa hain ki Popcorn ko garam tave par rakhne par wo uchhalte kyon hain?

 How Kapil got late?

 Why Bhumika Chawla is not with Salman Khan?

 How Titanic drowned?

 When Kapil's wish came true

**images are collected form different sources..if anyone has any dissatisfaction then please contact us through the form.

Facts and information about Mumbai Local Trains

Local trains are the inseparable part of Mumbai city. Mumbai’s life gets stuck without the local trains. That is the reason it is also called the lifeline of Mumbai.

  • Mumbai suburban railway is the oldest railway system of Asia. The first train was run on 16 April, 1853 between Bori Bunder and Thane.
  • Mumbai local trains are famous for its crowding. About 8 million people travel by these trains daily. At the peak hours, hardly any space lefts for the people to put their foot (i.e. Super Dense Crush Load)
  • It is the busiest rapid transit system of the world. About 2.66 billion people travel in these trains yearly.
  • Mumbai suburban railway is spread over 465 Kilometers and about 2,500 train services are running.
  • These trains hardly gets stop. At night, train services are put on hold for only 3-4 hours.
  • Indian railways two zonal divisions- Central Railway and Western Railway are responsible for the operation of local trains.
  • Mumbai local trains are also known for the accidents. About two thousand people die annually on the Mumbai suburban rail network.

Revolt of 1857 India:causes, effects, history,

One of the important events of Indian history is the Revolt of 1857. It was the first rebellion against the East India Company which took the massive form.

  • The main persons behind this rebellion were the soldiers [sepoy]. That is why it is also called sepoy Mutiny. But the revolt did not remain limited to the soldiers, later it spread and took a massive form. Some people also called this-‘India’s first war of Independence’.
  • The revolt was started on 10th May of 1857 in the town of Meerut. Though in some places, fractional clashes began before that. It ended on 20 June 1858.
  • The first martyr of 1957 revolt was Mangal Pandey. He attacked his British sergeant on 29 March 1857 at Barrackpore.
  • Some of the leaders of the rebellion were- Rani Lakshmibai [Jhansi],Kunwar Singh [Bihar], Bahadur Shah [Delhi], Nana Saheb [Kanpur], Tatia Tope [Kanpur], Begum Hazrat Mahal [Lucknow]. There was a deficiency of central leadership.
  • The revolt was started due to the induction of enfield riffles in the army. It was believed that the cartridges used in the riffles were made of pig fat and cow fat which were restricted for the Muslims and Hindus respectively. They protested against these.
  • Lord canning was the governor general at that time.
  • The revolt was failed to spread across the India. Some epicenters of the revolt were- Kanpur, Lucknow, Aligarh, Agra, Arrah, Delhi, and Jhansi.

Causes of The Revolt
Induction of enfield riffles in the army, catridge of which had fat of cow and pig. Hindu and Muslim soldiers protested against this.
There was discrimination among the British and Indian soldiers. British soldier’s behavior was rude against the Indian soldiers.
The policies used by the British for territorial annexation [Doctrine of lapse, Subsidiary Alliance] angered the Indian rulers.
There was fear that British were converting Hindus and Muslims in Christianity.
The social reforms introduced by the British made some of the people angry.

Reasons of Failure
There was communication gap between the leaders of different parts of India.
There was no central leadership and the rebellion got limited to some parts of India only.
Rebels did not have enough weapons and finance where British people had advanced weapons and enough finance.
Lack of planning and discipline among the rebels.

Effects of the Revolt
East India Company’s rule ended in India and the ruler ship was handed over to the Queen Victoria.
Reforms were introduced in the army and all the steps were taken so that no such incident occurs in the future.
Indian’s were assured of better governance.
It was declared that there will be no discrimination and people will have more power and respect.
Doctrine of Lapse was withdrawn.

Facts and information about the Spices of Indian Food

Spices are very important part of Indian food. Without the spices Indian food is incomplete. Some of the popular spices used in Indian food are- Asafetida (Hing), Black Pepper (Kali Mirchi), Celery (Ajmud), Cinnamon (Dalchini), Cloves (Loung), Corriander Powder (Dhania Powder), Fennel Seed (Saunf), Fenugreek Seed (Methi  Seed), Brown Mustard Seed (Rai), Poppy Seed (Khus Khus)etc.
  • Spices can be used in different forms depending upon the need. Sometimes green spices (Green chile, Ginger, Corriander Leaves) are used, sometimes their seeds (coriander seeds, mustard seeds) or the roasted version of it are also used.
  • Some spices are nothing but the mixture of different spices. Such as garam masala. It is nothing but the mixture of several spices. We can make different type of garam masala by mixing different spices in different ratio.
  • Today we use a large variety of spices. But in the beginning in Indus valley civilization we were not aware of the spices. We started using spices in the vedic age.
  • Some of the spices used in Indian food is borrowed from the people of other countries. Like sugar. The use of sugar is learnt by Indians from the protugese.
  • Spices are not only good for improving the taste of food but some of the spices have medicinal value also. Turmeric is a natural antiseptic, Cumin helps in asthma, Ginger helps in digestion, Cardamom helps in bad breadth, Clove is very useful for tooth and gum, Black Pepper is used to treat cough and fever.
  • Indian Institute of spices research is located in Kozhikode, Kerala. Its main purpose is to research different Indian spices.

Indian Forest- facts, information

Forest is a important natural resource of any country. India is very lucky in this matter as its large part is covered with natural dense forests.

  • It is estimated that about 20 percent of India’s area is covered by the forest. That is about 65 million hectare area.
  • India ranks first in consuming fuel wood. But most of the fuel wood comes from the agricultural waste. Otherwise no forests would have remained.
  • India is among the top ten countries which are forest rich. These top ten countries are host of the 6o% of forest of world.
  • Besides wood forest, India has large amount of non wood forests. These non wood forests are the source of Latex, gum, aroma chemicals, medicines etc.
  • The forests of India are classified into following classes- 1)Tropical evergreen forests, 2)Himalayan Vegetation,3) Mangrove forests of coastal area, 4)Tropical Desiduous Forest or Monsoon forests, 5)Tropical Thorn and Shrubs Forest.
  • The top state of India having the largest area under forests is Madhya Pradesh followed by Arunachal Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha.
  • Indian forests are the home of many animals and birds. About 90000 animal spices are found in India and about 1300 spices of birds are living in these forests.

    Types of Indian Forest

Forest Type Information
Tropical Evergreen Forest
  • This type of forest is found in the regions which have average temperature of 25 degree Centigrade and receives about 200 cm rainfall
  • This type of forest is found in Western Ghats, North Eastern Regions and in Andaman and Nicobar
  • Rosewood, Gurjan, Mahogany, Ebony are the few species which are found in this forest
  • Height of the trees in this forest are very high and they don't shed leaves
Himalayan Vegetation
  • This type of forest is found in the high altitude of Himalaya. With the change in the altitude, the features of tress also get change
  • At a height of 1000-1500 Meter, Sal, Teak, Bamboo grows
  • At an altitude of 3000-3500 Meter, Pine, Oak, Deodar, Cedar grows
  • At higher altitude only tundra vegetation - Mosses, Lichens are found
Mangrove Forest
  • Mangrove forest is generally grows in the wet coastal areas (Saline and Swampy area)
  • This type of forest in found in the mouths of river Ganges, Brahmaputra, Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna
  • Major species of trees found in this forest are - Sundari, Keora, Garan, Hogla.
  • The major feature of these trees is stilt roots which grows to support the trees
  • This type of forest is also known as Tidal Forest as their growth is dependent on tides
  • In West Bengal, this type of forest is known as Sundarbans
Tropical Deciduous Forest
  • This type of forest is found in the area where rainfall is between 100-200 cm and average temperature is 27 degree Centigrade
  • This forest is found in Indian sates - West Bengal, Bihar, Odisha, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra etc
  • This is the largest type of forest in India. It is also known as Monsoon forest
  • The main trees of these forest are - Teak, Sal, Deodar, Sisam, Mahua, Palash, Bamboo, Arjun, Ebony
  • The trees of this forest drops their leaves during dry summer or dry winter season
Tropical Thorn and Shrubs Forest
  • This type of forest is found in area where average temperature is 25-30 degree Centigrade and average rainfall is 50 cm
  • Mostly found in Indian States - Rajasthan, Gujarat, Punjab, Haryana
  • Major trees found in this forest are - Neem, Date, Cacti, Palm, Acacia
  • The trees of this forest have lesser leaves and have features of Xerophyte

Facts and information about Dharavi:The slum of Mumbai

Dharavi is a locality of Mumbai where India’s largest slum is situated. Dharavi is also regarded as the third largest slum of world after the slums of Mexico’s Neza-Chalco-Itza and Karachi’s Orangi. Though some people believe that, there are larger slums in Mumbai than the Dharavi. 

  • Dharavi was founded in 1882 at the time of British Raj. During the 18th century unplanned localities started to grow when the urbanization of Mumbai was going on. As a result Mumbai became vulnerable to the epidemics. After the bubonic plague spread in Mumbai, British government transferred some polluting industries and some Indian localities to the place where dharavi is located. Gradually, the locality spread and the slum was born.
  • It is spread over an area of 535 acres. It lies between the two railway lines, the western and central railway. It is surrounded by Mahim, Bandra in west, Mithi river in north, Sion in south, and Matunga in east.
  • Dharavi is highly populated. Exact population of dharavi is unknown. It is estimated that about a million people lives there. That is about 600-2000 people per acre.
  • 60 percent of the population is hindu, 33 percent of the population is muslim and 6 percent of the population is Christian. The first mosque of dharavi -'The Badi Masgid' was started in 1887. The oldest temple was founded in 1913. The first school in dharavi started in 1924.
  • Dharavi is the home of about 5000 businesses and 15,000 single room factories. Total annual turnover of dharavi is about $650 million to $1 billion.