Indian Geography : Facts and information about Geography of India

India is a Asian country located North side of Equator. It is a large and populated country. Area wise it ranks seventh in the world and population wise it is the second most populous country of the world.


Position of India:
  • The co-ordinate of India is 21⁰ N and 78⁰ E.
  • India is surrounded by China, Nepal, Bhutan in north; Myanmar, Bangladesh in east, Sri Lanka in south; Pakistan in west.
  • Three oceans protects India’s half of the boundary. In east- Bay of Bengal; In south-Indian Ocean; In west- Arabian Sea
Physical Geography of India:
  • Himalaya, Eastern Ghats, Western Ghats, Vindhya, Satpura, Aravalli ranges are the main mountain ranges of India
  • Kanchenjunga is the highest mountain peak of India.
  • Deccan Plateau is the largest plateau of India and the Ladakh plateau is the highest plateau of India.
  • Andaman is the largest island of India and Majuli is the largest river island of world located in Assam, India.
  • India has only one dessert which is the Thar dessert. It is located in the state Rajasthan.
Rivers of India:
  • Ganges is the longest river of India. Its length is 2525 Km and about 2010 Km of its length is flown from India.
  • Indian rivers are classified into- North Indian Rivers (Ganges, Indus, Brahmaputra, Luni) and South Indian Rivers (Krishna, Kaveri, Godavari, Narmada).
  • Ganges is the main river of North India and Godavari is the main river of South India.
Political Geography of India:
  • India is divided into 29 states, 6 union territories, 1 national capital territory.
  • Rajasthan is the largest state of India followed by Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, UP.
  • UP is the most populous state of India followed by Maharashtra, Bihar, and West Bengal.
Indian Agriculture:
  • Half of the population of India is connected with the agriculture.
  • Main corps produced in India are- Rice, Wheat, Jute, Cotton, Tea, Coffee, Jowar, Bajra, Ragi.
  • India is the second most rice producer of world and fourth most wheat producer of world

Political Geography of India: facts, info

After the independence of India in 1947, the process of creating different states and defining the boundaries were started. On 26 January, 1950 the Republic of India was born. At that time the states were classified into four classes- States under the Governor, States under the Rajpramukh, States under the chief commissioner, Union Territory.

  • In 1956, States Reorganization Act was passed. According to the Act 14 Indian states and 6 Union Territories were created. The states were created on the basis of language.
  • In 1960, Bombay state was divided into two parts and Maharashtra, Gujarat were created.
  • In 1966, Punjab was divided and two states Punjab and Haryana were born.
  • In 2000, Madhya Pradesh was divided into Madhya Pradesh and Chhatishgarh; Uttar Pradesh was divided into Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand; Bihas was divided into Bihar and Jharkhand.
  • After the states reorganization act of 1956, the process of creating new states had been continued. Till now India has 29 states, 6 union Territories, 1 National Capital Territory.
  • The newly created state is Telangana. It is created on 2 June, 2014.
  • Delhi was declared as National Capital Territory of India in 1993. Before that Delhi was Union Territory.
  • India shares its land boundaries with Bangladesh (4096 KM), Bhutan (699 KM), Myanmar (1643 Km), China (4057 KM), Nepal (1751 KM), Pakistan (3323 KM). India has the largest land boundaries with Bangladesh.
  • LAC (Line of Actual Control) is the effective border between India and China. LOC (Line of Control) is the informal border between India and Pakistan.

Important borderlines of India with its neighbor countries

Border Lines Info
LOC (Line of Control) This is a military control line of India and Pakistan in Jammu and Kashmir. This is also called Cease-fire Line.
McMahon Line It is the boundary line between northeastern India and China. Though it is disputed by Chinese government
LAC (Line of Actual Control) It is the border line between China and India in the western side. Sometimes LAC is called as boundary line of India and China in east and west (together with McMohan line and LAC of west).
Radcliffe Line It is the boundary line between India and Pakistan. It was drawn after the independence of India and Pakistan. It separates the both west and east (Now Bangladesh) Pakistan.
Palk Strait It is water body which separates the India and Sri Lanka.
Chicken’s Neck or Siliguri Corridor
It is a narrow region of Indian state West Bengal which connects the north-eastern states to rest of India. Neighbor countries Nepal, Bhutan and Bangladesh surround this region. This region is politically very sensitive due to its proximity to different international borders.
Akhnoor Dagger
It is a narrow strip of Pakistani territory which extends into the Indian state Jammu and Kashmir. This is a very sensitive land as it can effect movement of army in the area very much.

New states formed after 1950

New States Year Origin
Andhra Pradesh 1953 State of Madras
Gujarat 1960 State of Mumbai
Maharashtra 1960 State of Mumbai
Kerala 1956 Travancore-Cochin, the Malabar district of Madras State, and the Kasaragod taluk of Dakshina Kannada.
Karnataka 1973 State of Mysuru
Nagaland 1952 State of Asom
Haryana 1966 State of Punjab
Meghalaya 1971 State of Asom
Himachal Pradesh 1971 Union Territory of Himachal Pradesh
Manipura 1971 Union Territory of Manipura
Tripura 1971 Union Territory of Tripura
Sikkim 1975 From Associate state to full state
Mizoram 1986 Union Territory
Arunachal Pradesh 1986 Union Territory
Chhattisgarh 2000 Madhya Pradesh
Uttarakhand 2000 Uttar Pradesh
Jharkhand 2000 Bihar
Telangana 2014 Andhra Pradesh
Goa 1987 Union Territory

Facts and information about IRCTC

IRCTC (Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation) is a part of Indian Railway which provides its services through its website. The services provided by IRCTC are- Online Ticketing, Tourism, and Catering (In some specific trains).

  • IRCTC was started on 27th September 1999. From then it has expanded its operation and now plays a critical role in the growth of Indian Railway.
  • It is one of the biggest e-commerce portal of India and a key revenue source of Indian Railway. Its revenue is more than the famous e-commerce site flipkart.
  • Till 2013, it had about six lakh registered users. About five lakh booking are occurring on daily basis.
  • Besides online ticketing, it also organizes different package tours. Some of the packages are- Palace on Wheels, Bharat Darshan, and Golden Chariot etc. 
  • IRCTC’s headquarter is located in New Delhi. Besides this, five zonal offices of IRCTC’s are located in – Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai, Chennai, Secunderabad.
  • It received many awards. In 2009, it was declared as the Most Innovative project Award by PC quest. It won website of the year India award in 2014 and in 2008 won National Tourism Award.

Geographical Position of India: information, location, gk

India is a south Asian country. It is located in the northern hemisphere. India’s co ordinate is 21 Degree North, 78 Degree East.

India and its location
  • India is a large country with area 3,287,264 square kilometer. Area wise it is the seventh largest country of world.
  • India is positioned between the latitudes 8⁰4’ N and 37⁰6’ N. It is positioned between the longitudes 68⁰7’ E and 97⁰25’ E.
  • The southernmost point of India is the Indira point located in the great Nicobar Island. The west extreme point of India is the Guhar Moti located in Kutch, Gujarat. Other two extreme points are in territory disputes between India and China.
  • The lowest point of India is Kuttanad (-2.2 M) located in Kerala and the highest point is Kanchenjunga (8,856 M).
  • India is surrounded by many neighbor countries. In the north- China, Bhutan, Nepal; In the East- Myanmar (Burma), Bangladesh; In South- Sri Lanka; In North West- Afghanistan.
  • The three sides of India are surrounded by oceans. In East- Bay of Bengal; In West- Arabian Sea; In South- Indian Ocean.

Facts and biography of R K Narayan

R K Narayan was a famous Indian writer. He is famous for his novels like- The Guide, Swami and Friends, The English Teacher etc.

R K Narayan (1906-2001)
  • He was born on 10 October, 1906 in Chennai. His full name is Rasipuram Krishnaswami Iyer Narayanaswami. His family members used to call him Kunjappa.
  • His father was school headmaster. He spent his childhood with maternal grandmother Parvati. He married to Rajam. They had a daughter Hema. His brother was R K Laxman.
  • He studied at Lutheran Mission School and CRC High School. He obtained his bachelors degree from the University of Mysore.
  • From the childhood, he had interest in reading books. He used to read a lot of books and gradually started writing.
  • He started his career as a school teacher. Later, he left the job to become a writer.
  • His first novel was Swami and Friends. In this novel he created the famous town “Malgudi”. His many writings are based in this town. Initially, he faced lot of problems publishing his novels. In 1935, his novel Swami and Friends was published with the help of Graham Greene. In the subsequent years, The Bachelor of Arts, The Dark Room novels were also published.
  • In 1939, his wife Rajam died of typhoid. Her dead left a deep affect on R K Narayan. During this time he wrote the novel- The English Teacher.
  • He also started his own publishing company- Indian Thought Publications. He was successful with this publication.
  • R K Narayan’s some of the novels are-Mr. Sampath, The Financial Expert, Waiting for the Mahatma, The Guide, My Dateless Diary, The Man Eater of Malgudi, Gods Demons and Others, The Vendor of Sweets, The Ramayana, The painter of Signs, The Mahabharata, Grandmothers Tale. His most of the books content are taken from his own life.
  • He won many awards such as- Sahitya Academy Award, Padma Bhushan, Padma Vibhushan and A C Bensen Medal. He was also nominated to the Rajya Sabha in 1989.
  • He died on 13 May, 2001.

Timeline of R K Narayan

1906 R K Narayan was born
1926 He took admission in Maharaja College of Mysore
1930 He wrote his first novel Swami and his friends
1935 His novel Swami and his friends got published
1937 Narayan's father died, His second novel Bachelor of Arts published
1939 His wife Rajam died.
1942 His first short story collection Malgudi Days was published
1947 Movie Miss Malini was released. He was the screenplay writer of the movie
1956 His book The Guide was published
1958 He won the Sahitya Akademi Award for his novel The Guide
1964 He was awarded Padma Bhushan
1980 He was honored with AC Benson Medal by the (British) Royal Society of Literature
1989 He was nominated in Rajya Sabha for his contribution in literature
2001 He died

Some famous quotes of R K Narayan

"No one ever accepts criticism so cheerfully. Neither the man who utters it nor the man who invites it really means it."
"If you threw a stone into a gutter, it would only spurt filth in your face"
"A profound unmitigated loneliness is the only truth of life."
"Certain things acquired an evil complexion if phrased, but remained harmless in the mind."

Indian Agriculture : facts, information

About 50 percent people of India are dependent on agriculture for their daily expenses. Almost every type of food grains are produced by Indian farmers.

Indian Field
  • India ranks second in agricultural output and India is in top five positions for about 80 percent of products produced from farm.
  • The major research institute for agricultural research is ICAR (Indian Council of Agricultural Research)
  • In India, there are mainly three seasons for agriculture - Kharif (July - October), Rabi (October to March), Zaid (March to June)
  • The main food grain of India is rice. India ranks second worldwide in rice production. West Bengal is the top state in rice production followed by Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Punjab, and Bihar. Yield wise, Tamilnadu ranks first in rice production. Central rice research institute is located in Cuttack, Odisha.
  • India ranks fourth in wheat production. Uttar Pradesh is the highest wheat producing state of India followed by Punjab, Madhya Pradesh, and Haryana.
  • Some of the millets produced in India are Bajra, Jowar, Ragi. Maharashtra is the highest Jowar producer in India. In Bajra production Rajasthan and in Ragi production Karnataka ranks first.
  • India is the second most tea producing country and in India Assam is the most tea producing state. Karnataka is the highest coffee producing state.
  • Sugarcane is one of the main crops produced by India. Uttar Pradesh is the key state in producing sugarcane. Central research centre for sugarcane in located in Lucknow.
  • Cotton and Jute are the main fiber crops produced in India. Maharashtra is the largest producer of cotton and West Bengal is the largest producer of Jute.
    Vintage Photograph of Indian Farming

Different categories of Crops
Category Crops
Food Crops Rice, Wheat, Maize, Jower, Bajra, Ragi,
Cash Crops Sugrcane, Poppy
Plantations Coffee, Tea, Rubber
Fibre Corps Jute, Cotton, Silk
Oil Seeds Linseed, Groundnut, Mustard, Sesame, Sunflower
Spices Pepper, Turmeric, Ginger
Horticulture Apple, Peach, Almond, Mango, Banana
Major Crops Producing States of India

Crops States
Rice West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Tamilnadu, Andhra Pradesh, Punjab
Wheat Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Punjab, Madhya Pradesh
Sugarcane Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka
Jowar Maharashtra, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Telangana, Gujarat
Bajra Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Gujarat
Ragi Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamilnadu
Tea Assam, West Bengal, Himachal Pradesh
Coffee Karnataka, Kerala, Tamilnadu
Cotton Maharashtra, Gujarat
Jute West Bengal, Bihar, Assam
Rubber Kerala, North East States
Silk Karnataka, Kerala
Maize Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar

Physical Geography of India : facts, information

    India is geographically very rich and diverse country. It has all the physiogeographic features one expect in a country. It has Mountains, Plateau, Coastal Area, desert. Based on physical features, India is broadly divivded into following sections-
    1. The great mountain of North
    2. Northern Plain
    3.  Peninsular Plateau
    4. Coastal Plains
    5. Thar Desert
    6. Islands

    The great Mountain of North:

    • The main mountain of north is the Himalaya.It is about 2400KM long and covers Kashmir to Arunachal Pradesh.
    • Himalaya consists three parallel ranges in its longitudinal extent. They are - Himadri or Inner Himalaya or Greater Himalaya, Himachal or lesser Himalaya, Siwaliks or Outer Himalaya
    Ranges Facts
    Himadri
    • It is the northern most range
    • The average height of this range is 6000 Metre and average width is 120 KM. It consists most of the highest peaks such as - Mt. Everest, Nanga Parbat, Kanchenjunga
    • Ganges and Yamuna is originated from this range
     Himachal
    •  This range lies between the Himadri and Siwalik range
    • The average height of this range is 4000 Metre and average width is 60-80 KM.
    • Some of the important ranges in this are - Dhaula Dhar, Pir Panjal, Mahabharata
    • Many famous hill stations are located in this range. Such as - Shimla, Mussoorie, Nanital etc
     Siwaliks
    •  It is the outermost range
    • The average height of this range is 1000 Metre and average width is 10-50 KM.
    • The valleys which lies between the Himachal and Siwalik are called Duns

    Northern Plain:

    • Northern plain is located between the great northern mountain and peninsular plateau
    • This plain is formed by the three major rivers - Ganges, Indus, Brahmaputra and their tributary rivers.
    • This plain covers the area of Indian states Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Haryana, West Bengal, Assam
    • As the plain is formed by the deposition of rivers, it is very fertile and source of major food grains in India.
    • Northern Plain is divided into three sections - Punjab Plains, Ganges Plains, Brahmaputra Plains
    Plains Facts
    Punjab Plain
    •  This plain is formed by the river Indus and its five tributaries - Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Sutlej and Beas. Thats why this plain is also reffered as Land of five rivers
    • Indian state Punjab and Haryana comes under this plain. Larger part of this plain is in Pakistan
    • Doab's are the features of this plain. Doab's are the land between two rivers
     Ganges Plain
    •  This plain is formed by the river Ganges and its tributaries.
    • Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, Bihar, Haryana, West Bengal lies in this plain.
    • This is the largest part of Great Indian Plain
     Brahmaputra Plain
    •  This plain is build by Brahmaputra and its tributaries
    • This plain is also known as Assam Plain as most of its part is in Assam

    • On the basis of physical features, the northern plain is divided into following parts from north to south - Bhabar Region, Terai Region, Bangar Region, Kadar Region
    Regions Information
    Bhabar
    • This region lies in the foothills of Himalaya
    • It is 8-16 Km wide
    • This region contains stones and pebbles mostly
    • River speed is very fast in this region
    Terai
    • This region lies south of Bhabar and is 15-30 KM wide
    • This region is covered by thick forest
    • This region is good for cultivation
    • Rivers is speed is fast
    Banger
    • It lies south of Terai. It si the higher part of plain
    • This region is less fertile as it is made of old alluvium and coarser sediments.
    Khadar
    • It lies south of Bangar and it is the lower part of plain
    • This is fertile land and it is made of newer alluvium.
    • This region is very prone to floods

     Peninsular Plateau:

    • It lies to the south of northern plain
    • It's shape is almost similar to a triangle whose base lies to the southern edge of the northern plain and kanyakumari is the apex
    • The average height of this plateau is 600-900 Metre. The highest peak of the peninsular India is Anamudi (2695 Metre) of Kerala
    • Rounded hills and shallow valleys are the physical features of this land
    • It is one of the oldest land of earth and formed from the Gondwana land
    • Peninsular Plateau can be divided into two sections - 1) Central Highland and 2) Deccan Plaeau
    Sections Facts
    Central Highland
    • Central highland is situated to the north of narmada river
    • This plateau consists Malwa Plateau, Chotanagpur Plateau, Meghalaya Plateau, Vidhya Range, Satpura Range, Aravali Range
    • The highest peak is Gurusikhar (1722 M)
    Deccan Plateau
    • Deccan Plateau is bounded by the Satpura Range in north, Eastern Ghats in east and Western Ghats in west
    • The rivers of Deccan Plateau (Kaveri, Godavari, Krishna)flows from West to East
    • Deccan Plateau consists Andhra Plateau, Karnataka Plateau, Maharashtra Plateau

    Thar Desert:

    • India's only desert is the Thar desert. Larger part of this desert lies in the Indian state Rajasthan. Some portion of this desert is spread into Gujarat, Haryana, Punjab and Pakistan
    • Luni is the only river which flows from this land
    • It is also known as The Great Indian Desert or Marusthali
    • Thar receives only 150mm rainfall in a year. The temperature rises to 49 degree in summer and in the winter it falls to zero degree sometimes
    • Great Rann of Kuchchh falls into this desert. It is a salt marsh located in Kutch, Gujarat

    The Coastal Plains:

    • Coastal plains of India are situated along the Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea
    • Coastal plains are divided into - Eastern Coastal plain and Western Coastal Plain
    Coastal Plains Description
    Eastern Coastal Plain
    • It lies along the Bay of Bengal
    • It is about 1100 KM long
    • It covers the Indian states West Bengal, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, Tamilnadu
    • Eastern Coast is divided into - Northern Circas which lies between Krishna and mahanadi rivers (West Bengal, Odisha) and Coromandal Coast which lies between Krishna and kaveri river (Andhra Pradesh, Tamilnadu)
    • Main rivers are - Mahanadi, Godavari, Kaveri, Krishna
    Western Coastal Plain
    • It lies along the Arabian sea
    • It is about 1400 Km long
    • It covers the Indian states - Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Goa, Kerala
    • It is divided into four parts - Konken Coast (Mumbai, Goa), Kannada plain (Karnataka), Malabar Coast (Kerala) and Coast of Gujarat (Gujarat)
    • Main rivers are - Tapi, Narmada, Mandavi

    Islands:

    • India has two groups of islands - Andaman and Nicobar, Lakshadweep
    Islands Information
    Andaman and Nicobar
    • It is located in the Bay of Bengal
    • It is about 1255 Km of south from Kolkata
    • It is divided into Andaman islands (North) and Nicobar Islands (South)
    • India's only active volcano is the Barren Islan of Andaman. Another famous volcanic island is Narcondam
    Lakshadweep
    • It lies in the Arabian Sea
    • It is about 200-300 Km from the coast of Kerala
    • It consists about 36 Islands

    Meghnad Saha : Facts, Biography, Infromation

    Meghnad Saha was an Indian astrophysicist. He is famous for discovering the Saha equation or the ionization formula.
    Meghnad Saha (1893-1956)
    • He was born on October 6, 1893 in Sheoratali of Dhaka, in non independent India.
    • His father was Jagannath Saha and his mother was Bhubaneshwari Devi. He was the fifth son of his parents. Jagannath Saha had a small grocery store in the village. Being born in a poor family, he had to face a lot of problems.
    • He had done his schooling form Dhaka Collgiate school. Then he took admission in Dhaka College and later in Presidency College, Kolkata.
    • In his life, He had the opportunity to have teachers like Jagadish Chandra Bose, Prafulla Chandra Ray. Famous scientist Satyandranath Bose was his class fellow.
    • In 1917, he joined University College of Science in Calcutta as a lecturer. During this time he formulated the Saha Equation. Later he went to the Imperial College of London.
    • He helped to establish many renowned institutions in India such as- Institute of Nuclear Physics in Calcutta, Physical Department in Allahabad University. He put a lot of effort to start research in Nuclear Physics in India.
    • He also had interest in government works and political affairs. He stood as a candidate in 1952 election and won.
    • He died on 16 February, 1956.

    Timeline of Meghnad Saha

    1893 Meghnad Saha was born
    1905 Joined the Collegiate School
    1911 Joined the Presidency college, Calcutta
    1913 Earned his B.Sc degree in mathemaics
    1915 Got his M.Sc degree in Applied Mathematics
    1916 Became lecturer at University College of Science, Calcutta
    1918 Married Radharani
    1919 He earned the Doctor of Science from the Calcutta University
    1920 He published his papers on astrophysical research in the Philosophical Magazine
    1923 He joined the University of Allahabad
    1927 Became Fellow of the Royal Society
    1938 Joined the University of Calcutta as a professor of physics
    1949 Founded the Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics
    1952 Became a member of India's parliament
    1956 He died in a heart attack

    Interesting facts and information about Indian city Mumbai

    Mumbai is the capital of Indian state Maharashtra. It is the center of entertainment, commerce and finance of India. It is one of the oldest cities of India.

    • The name Mumbai is originated from the name of goddess Mumbadevi. The name Mumbai was adapted in November 1995. Throughout the history it was called by different names such as- Kakamuchee, Galajunkja, Bombaim, Boon Bay, Bambaye, Bombeye, Bombay.
    • Mumbai is build on seven islands- Parel, Colaba, Worli, Bambay Island, Little Colaba, Mahim, Mazagoan.
    • It is the commercial capital of India. About five fortune global companies are located in Mumbai and numerous conglomerates are also located here.
    • The maximum annual rainfall was recorded in 1954 and the highest rainfall in a day was recorded on 26 July 2005. The highest temperature 40.2 Degree Centigrade was recorded on 28 March 1982 and the lowest temperature 7.4 Degree Centigrade was recorded on 27 January 1962. 
    • It is also called financial capital of India. RBI, SEBI, BSE, NSE are also present In Mumbai.
    • India’s most of the billionaire lives in Mumbai. Forbes Magazine listed Mumbai in the seventh position in the list of Top ten cities for Billionaires.
    • Mumbai is represented by six parliamentary constituencies and 36 assembly constituencies.
    • The local trains are the main medium of Transportation. About two billion passengers travel per year through local trains.
    • Water is supplied in Mumbai from six lakes. Asia’s largest water filtration plant is located in Bhandup.
    • Asia’s second largest slum Dharavi is also located in Mumbai.
    • Mumbai is also the entertainment capital of India. Hindi and Marathi film industry is also based in Mumbai.

    Quick Facts about Mumbai


    PropertiesInformation
    DesignationCapital of Maharashtra
    Other NamesFinancial capital of India, Entertainment capital of India, Dream city
    Co-ordinates18⁰58’N, 72⁰49’ E
    LanguagesMarathi, Hindi, English
    Area4355 Square Kilometers
    Population20,748,395
    Places to VisitMarine Drive, Siddhi Vinayak, Iskcon Temple, Nariman Point, Juhu Beach, Elephanta Caves, Film City, Kanheri Caves, Gateway of India, Hanging Garden, Sanjay Gandhi National Park, Haji Ali Dargah, Mumba Devi Temple
    Street FoodsVada Pav, Kebabs, Pani Puri, Bhel Puri, Gola, Channa Bhatara, Ragda Pattice
    FestivalsGanesh Chaturthi, Diwali, Gudhi Padava, Holi, Dussera, Moharram

    Facts and Information about Indian Food

    A wide variety of food items are consumed by the people of India. Each states of India have its own special type of food items.

    Indian Food
    • The main grains consumed by Indian are rice and wheat. In the world, India ranks second in the rice production and fourth in the wheat production. In Manipur, a special type of rice ChakhaoAmubi (also known as black rice) is produced.
    • India is famous for its spices. A variety of spices and herbs are used by the people of India. Spices are part of Indian food from the Vedic period. Every year large amount of spices are export from India. 
    • States, Culture, Religion are the main factors which affects the diet of Indian.
    • Indian food has mainly six type of flavors’ - Salty, Sour, Sweet, Bitter, Astringent, Spicy. Indian foods are also classified into three categories- Saatvic, Raajsic, Taamsic.
    • The oil used for cooking also varies across the India- Mustard oil is used in Eastern India, Coconut oil is used in Western Coast (Kerala), and Sesame oil is used in Southern India, Peanut oil is used in North and West.
    • Though the cold drinks are consumed in large amount, Some Indian drinks are equally consumed such as- Lemon Water, Coconut Water, and Sugarcane Juice.
    • Dairy products are also popular and used by most of the people of India.
    • Some of the popular leaves used in Indian food for flavoring are- Bay leaves (Tej Pata), Coriander leaves, Curry leaves, Mint leaves.

    Famous foods of different Indian States

    States Famous Foods
    Andhra Pradesh Pulihora, Hyderabadi Briyani, Pesarattu, Punugulu, Boorelu, Pootarekulu
    Arunachal Pradesh Bamboo Shoot, Pika Pila, Thukpa, Momos, Apong
    Assam Khar, Masor tenga, Duck meat curry, Pitikas, Eri Polu
    Bihar Litti Chokha, Thekua, Balushahi, Dal Puri, Malpua
    Chhattisgarh Muthia, Aamat, Tilgurh, Chila
    Goa Sannas, Chicken Xacuti, Vindaloo, Fenny, Sorpotel
    Gujarat Dhokla, Undhiyu, Khandvi, Khakhra, Handvo, Dabeli
    Haryana Kachri Ki Sabz, Hara Dhania Cholia, Gajar Methi ki Sabzi, Bajra Ki Khichri
    Himachal Pradesh Madra, Tudkiya Bhath, Bhey, Chha Gosht, Siddus
    Jammu and Kashmir Rogan Josh, Yakhni, Bakarkhani, Gushtaba
    Jharkhand Litti Chokha, Dhuska, Til Barfi, Rugra, Malpua
    Karnataka Idli, Bisi bele bath, Chowchow Bath,Mysore Pak, Obbatu, Udupi Sambar and Gojju
    Kerala Puttu, Nadan Kozhi Varuthathu, Kappa, Theeyal
    Madya Pradesh Palak Puri, Chakki Ki Shak, Daal Bafla, Poha, Bhutte Ka Kees, Seekh Kebabs
    Maharashtra Misal Pav, Pada Pav, Modak, Tambada Rassa, Shakarpara
    Manipur Kangshoi, Paaknam, Chahao Kheer, Nga fish, Aloo Kangmet
    Meghalaya Jadoh, Doh Khlieh, Pumaloi, Tungrymbai, Sakin Gata
    Mizoram Bai, Vawksa Rep, Koat Pitha, Bamboo Shoot Fry, Chhum Han
    Nagaland Anishi, Bamboo Steamed Fish, Bushmeat, Zutho, Ruhi
    Odisha Dalma, Khichdi, Pakhala, Chhena Poda, Rasabali
    Punjab Sarson da Saag and Makki di Roti, Butter Chicken, Rajma Chawal, Tandoori Chicken, Paneer Tikka, Chole Bhature, Lassi
    Rajasthan Dal baati churma, Gatte ki subzi, Bajra ki roti, Laal Maas, Ghevar
    Sikkim Momo, Thukpa, Phanghapa, Sel roti, Gundruk
    Tamil Nadu Idli, Dosa, Lemon Rice, Rasam, Bonda, Avial, Muruku, Payasam,
    Telangana Biryani, Sarva Pindi, Polelu, Chegodilu, Golichina Mamsam
    Tripura Muya Awandru, Wahan, Chuak, Kosoi Bwtwi, Tomato Oambal
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    Srinivasa Ramanujan:facts,biography,information

    Srinivasa Ramanujan was a renowned Indian mathematician. He made great contributions to number theory, continued fractions and infinite series.
    Famous quote of Srinivas Ramanujan:

    "Sir, an equation has no meaning for me unless it expresses a thought of GOD."
    Srinivasa Ramanujan
    Srinivasa Ramanujan(1887-1920)
    • He was born on 22, December 1887 in a village of Tamilnadu (Erode).
    • His father was K. Srinivasa Iyengar, a clerk in a sari shop and his mother Komalatammal was a housewife. He married to Janakiammal.
    • He was brought up in a traditional orthodox Brahmin family. He was a strict Vegetarian. He used to worship his family goddess, Mahalakshmi of Namakkal.
    • He got his taste in mathematics during his studies in Town high school of Kumbakonam. From the childhood, he showed his interest in mathematics. His life took a turn when he read the book “A Synopsis of Elementary Results in Pure and Applied Mathematics” which he had borrowed from his friend. He studied all the 5000 theorems contained in the book thoroughly.
    • He took admission in the Government Arts College, Kumbakonam.  He used to receive scholarship for his studies. But he was so much involved in mathematics that he neglected all the other subjects and lost his scholarship. Later he enrolled in the Pachaiyappa’s College. He faced similar problem there and left the college without any degree.
    • He faced many problems in his professional life and spent many days in poverty. In the beginning, he published his work in the Journal the Indian mathematical society. He also sent his work to many English mathematicians. But few showed interest. Among them he worked with professor G.H. Hardy and J.E. Littlewood. They invited him to the Cambridge. Initially he was reluctant but at last he left Madras in 1914. He spent about five years in England. There he published many papers with G.H. Hardy and J.E. Littlewood. He was elected a fellow of the royal society in 1918. In the same year he was elected a fellow of Trinity College.
    • He had difficulty in England as he was a strict vegetarian. As a result, health problems arose and he fall seriously ill. He returned to India in 1919. But it was too late and he died on April 26, 1920.
    • In December 2011, "22 December" (Birthday of Ramanujan) was declared as “National Mathematics Day”. A film on Ramanujan’s life is also made. TIFR has published his notebooks in two volume collector’s edition

    Timeline of Ramanujan

    1887 Srinivasa Ramanujan was born in Madras
    1889 He suffered from small pox and was able to recover
    1892 He started schooling
    1897 Took admission in Higher secondary school
    1903 Studied the book A Synopsis of Elementary Results in Pure and Applied Mathematics. It had a great impact on him
    1909 He married to Janakiammal
    1911 His first paper on Bernoulli numbers published
    1913 Started communication with mathematician Godfrey H. Hardy
    1914 Went to London and started work with Hardy
    1916 He was awarded Bachelor of Science degree
    1918 He was elected Fellow of the Royal Society
    1919 He fell ill and returned to India
    1920 He died