Indian Agriculture : facts, information

About 50 percent people of India are dependent on agriculture for their daily expenses. Almost every type of food grains are produced by Indian farmers.

Indian Field
  • India ranks second in agricultural output and India is in top five positions for about 80 percent of products produced from farm.
  • The major research institute for agricultural research is ICAR (Indian Council of Agricultural Research)
  • In India, there are mainly three seasons for agriculture - Kharif (July - October), Rabi (October to March), Zaid (March to June)
  • The main food grain of India is rice. India ranks second worldwide in rice production. West Bengal is the top state in rice production followed by Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Punjab, and Bihar. Yield wise, Tamilnadu ranks first in rice production. Central rice research institute is located in Cuttack, Odisha.
  • India ranks fourth in wheat production. Uttar Pradesh is the highest wheat producing state of India followed by Punjab, Madhya Pradesh, and Haryana.
  • Some of the millets produced in India are Bajra, Jowar, Ragi. Maharashtra is the highest Jowar producer in India. In Bajra production Rajasthan and in Ragi production Karnataka ranks first.
  • India is the second most tea producing country and in India Assam is the most tea producing state. Karnataka is the highest coffee producing state.
  • Sugarcane is one of the main crops produced by India. Uttar Pradesh is the key state in producing sugarcane. Central research centre for sugarcane in located in Lucknow.
  • Cotton and Jute are the main fiber crops produced in India. Maharashtra is the largest producer of cotton and West Bengal is the largest producer of Jute.
    Vintage Photograph of Indian Farming

Different categories of Crops
Category Crops
Food Crops Rice, Wheat, Maize, Jower, Bajra, Ragi,
Cash Crops Sugrcane, Poppy
Plantations Coffee, Tea, Rubber
Fibre Corps Jute, Cotton, Silk
Oil Seeds Linseed, Groundnut, Mustard, Sesame, Sunflower
Spices Pepper, Turmeric, Ginger
Horticulture Apple, Peach, Almond, Mango, Banana
Major Crops Producing States of India

Crops States
Rice West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Tamilnadu, Andhra Pradesh, Punjab
Wheat Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Punjab, Madhya Pradesh
Sugarcane Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka
Jowar Maharashtra, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Telangana, Gujarat
Bajra Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Gujarat
Ragi Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamilnadu
Tea Assam, West Bengal, Himachal Pradesh
Coffee Karnataka, Kerala, Tamilnadu
Cotton Maharashtra, Gujarat
Jute West Bengal, Bihar, Assam
Rubber Kerala, North East States
Silk Karnataka, Kerala
Maize Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar