Facts and Information about Indian Food

A wide variety of food items are consumed by the people of India. Each states of India have its own special type of food items.

Indian Food
  • The main grains consumed by Indian are rice and wheat. In the world, India ranks second in the rice production and fourth in the wheat production. In Manipur, a special type of rice ChakhaoAmubi (also known as black rice) is produced.
  • India is famous for its spices. A variety of spices and herbs are used by the people of India. Spices are part of Indian food from the Vedic period. Every year large amount of spices are export from India. 
  • States, Culture, Religion are the main factors which affects the diet of Indian.
  • Indian food has mainly six type of flavors’ - Salty, Sour, Sweet, Bitter, Astringent, Spicy. Indian foods are also classified into three categories- Saatvic, Raajsic, Taamsic.
  • The oil used for cooking also varies across the India- Mustard oil is used in Eastern India, Coconut oil is used in Western Coast (Kerala), and Sesame oil is used in Southern India, Peanut oil is used in North and West.
  • Though the cold drinks are consumed in large amount, Some Indian drinks are equally consumed such as- Lemon Water, Coconut Water, and Sugarcane Juice.
  • Dairy products are also popular and used by most of the people of India.
  • Some of the popular leaves used in Indian food for flavoring are- Bay leaves (Tej Pata), Coriander leaves, Curry leaves, Mint leaves.

Famous foods of different Indian States

States Famous Foods
Andhra Pradesh Pulihora, Hyderabadi Briyani, Pesarattu, Punugulu, Boorelu, Pootarekulu
Arunachal Pradesh Bamboo Shoot, Pika Pila, Thukpa, Momos, Apong
Assam Khar, Masor tenga, Duck meat curry, Pitikas, Eri Polu
Bihar Litti Chokha, Thekua, Balushahi, Dal Puri, Malpua
Chhattisgarh Muthia, Aamat, Tilgurh, Chila
Goa Sannas, Chicken Xacuti, Vindaloo, Fenny, Sorpotel
Gujarat Dhokla, Undhiyu, Khandvi, Khakhra, Handvo, Dabeli
Haryana Kachri Ki Sabz, Hara Dhania Cholia, Gajar Methi ki Sabzi, Bajra Ki Khichri
Himachal Pradesh Madra, Tudkiya Bhath, Bhey, Chha Gosht, Siddus
Jammu and Kashmir Rogan Josh, Yakhni, Bakarkhani, Gushtaba
Jharkhand Litti Chokha, Dhuska, Til Barfi, Rugra, Malpua
Karnataka Idli, Bisi bele bath, Chowchow Bath,Mysore Pak, Obbatu, Udupi Sambar and Gojju
Kerala Puttu, Nadan Kozhi Varuthathu, Kappa, Theeyal
Madya Pradesh Palak Puri, Chakki Ki Shak, Daal Bafla, Poha, Bhutte Ka Kees, Seekh Kebabs
Maharashtra Misal Pav, Pada Pav, Modak, Tambada Rassa, Shakarpara
Manipur Kangshoi, Paaknam, Chahao Kheer, Nga fish, Aloo Kangmet
Meghalaya Jadoh, Doh Khlieh, Pumaloi, Tungrymbai, Sakin Gata
Mizoram Bai, Vawksa Rep, Koat Pitha, Bamboo Shoot Fry, Chhum Han
Nagaland Anishi, Bamboo Steamed Fish, Bushmeat, Zutho, Ruhi
Odisha Dalma, Khichdi, Pakhala, Chhena Poda, Rasabali
Punjab Sarson da Saag and Makki di Roti, Butter Chicken, Rajma Chawal, Tandoori Chicken, Paneer Tikka, Chole Bhature, Lassi
Rajasthan Dal baati churma, Gatte ki subzi, Bajra ki roti, Laal Maas, Ghevar
Sikkim Momo, Thukpa, Phanghapa, Sel roti, Gundruk
Tamil Nadu Idli, Dosa, Lemon Rice, Rasam, Bonda, Avial, Muruku, Payasam,
Telangana Biryani, Sarva Pindi, Polelu, Chegodilu, Golichina Mamsam
Tripura Muya Awandru, Wahan, Chuak, Kosoi Bwtwi, Tomato Oambal
Uttarakhand Garhwal ka Fannah, Kafuli, Bhang Ki Chutney, Baadi, Roat
Uttar Pradesh Kakori Kebab, Bharwan Chicken Pasanda, Aloo Rasedaar, Pasanda, Kachori, Pan
West Bengal Ilish Mach, Doi machch, Aloo Poshto, Sandesh, Mishti Doi, Rosogolla, Shukta