Indian Nobel Laureates:facts,information,list

Name
Picture
Year
Category
Facts
Rabindranath Tagore


1913
Literature
  • He won Nobel Prize for his work ‘Gitanjali’.
  • He is also the author of Indian national anthem
  • He founded “Shantiniketan”, which later became Viswa Bharati University
C. V. Raman


1930
Physics
  • He won Nobel Prize for discovering Raman effect
  • Every year on 28 February National science day is celebrated to commemorate the discovery of Raman effect
  • He was the founder of Raman research institute in Bangalore.
Har Gobind Khorana


1968
Medicine
  • He won Nobel Prize for discovering how genetic code of a cell controls the synthesis of protein.
  • He is Indian born American citizen (became U.S. citizen in 1968).


Mother Teresa


1979
Peace
  • She won Nobel prize for her humanitarian work.
  • She was a foreign born Indian citizen.
  • She was the founder of “Missionaries of Charity” in Calcutta.
Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar


1983
Physics
  • Won Nobel Prize for the discovery of “Chandrasekhar limit”.
  • He was the nephew of Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman.
  • He was a Indian born U.S. citizen (became U.S. citizen in 1953).
Amartya Sen


1998
Economic Sciences
  • Won Nobel for his contribution to welfare economics, famine, economic and social justice.
  • He won Bharat Ratna award in 1999.
Venkatraman Ramakrishnan


2009
Chemistry
  • He won Nobel Prize for studies of the structure and function of the ribosomes.
  • He is now a U.S. citizen.

Indian Navy: facts, information, general knowledge

Indian Navy is the branch of the Indian armed force which protects the Indian sea borders from the external attacks. Indian navy is the fifth largest navy of the world.
Indian Navy
Indian Navy

  • Indians are using the sea for trading and military purposes for a long time. The first tidal dock of India was build during the time of Indus valley civilization (around 2300 B.C.). Many Indian empires in past had used the power of navy (Maurya,Satavahana,Gupta,Pandya, Vijayanagara,Mughal,Maratha etc). Maratha emperor Shivaji is considered as the the ‘Father of Indian Navy’.
  • British east India company established their navy East India Company's Marine in 1612 which later became Royal Indian Navy. After the independence of India on 26 January 1950, Royal Indian Navy became Indian Navy. Indian Navy’s first operation was against the Portuguese Navy during the liberation of Goa in 1961.
  • Indian Navy has three command centers- Eastern command  at Visakhapatnam,Southern command at Kochi,Western command  at Mumbai. Flag Officer Commanding-in-Chief is the head of each command center.
  • Chief of Naval Staff is the head of Indian Navy. Other principle staff officers are- Vice Chief of Naval Staff, Deputy Chief of Naval Staff,Chief of Personnel, Chief of Material, Controller of Logistics Support. Indian Navy’s headquarter is located in New Delhi.
  • Indian navy’s first aircraft carrier is INS Vikrant and the largest aircraft carrier of Indian Navy is INS Viraat. All the service ships of Indian navy is prefixed with INS which means  Indian Naval Ship or Indian Navy Station.

Indian Air Force: facts,information,general knowledge

iaf logo
Indian air force is a branch of Indian armed force which protects the Indian airspace from the external attacks. It is the fourth largest air force of world after United States, Russia and China.
  •  Indian air force was established on 8 October, 1932 under the British government. After the independence, the assets of the air force were divided between India and Pakistan.
  • IAF is headed by the Chief of air staff. Other staffs who help the chief of air staff are Vice Chief of the Air Staff, Deputy Chief of the Air Staff, Air Officer in Charge of Administration, Air Officer in Charge of Personnel, Air Officer in Charge of Maintenance, Director General of Inspection and Flight Safety.
  • It is divided into five operational command centers- 1) Central Air Command (CAC), headquartered at Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh; 2) Eastern Air Command (EAC), headquartered at Shillong, Meghalaya; 3) Southern Air Command (SAC), headquartered at Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala; 4) South Western Air Command (SWAC), headquartered at Gandhinagar, Gujarat; 5) Western Air Command (WAC), headquartered at Subroto Park, New Delhi.
  • Besides the operational command centers, there are two functional command centers- Training Command (TC), headquartered at Bangalore, Karnataka; Maintenance Command (MC), headquartered at Nagpur, Maharashtra.
  • Commands are divided into wings. Wings are further divided into squadrons,flights.
  • The highest achievable rank in the air force is Marshal of the Indian Air Force. Arjan Singh is the only officer who has achieved this rank. Sachin tendulkar is the first civilian (without any aviation background) who was awarded the honorary rank of Group Captain by IAF.

RankPost
1Air chief Marshal
2Air Marshal
3Air Vice Marshal
4Air Commodore
5Group Captain
6Wing Commander
7Squardron Leader
8Flt. Lieutenant
9Flying officers

Indian state Rajasthan:facts, information

Rajasthan is an Indian state located in the western border of India. Area wise it is the largest state of India.
  • Rajasthan also known as “the land of kings” is famous for its forts and palaces.
  • The famous Thar Desert is also located in Rajasthan. Thar Desert is also called “The great Indian desert”.
  • Rajasthan is the largest producer of edible oil. It also produces oilseeds, opium and cotton in large quantity.
  • It has four national park and wildlife sanctuaries-Keoladeo National Park of Bharatpur, Sariska Tiger Reserve of Alwar, Ranthambore National Park of Sawai Madhopur, and Desert National Park of Jaisalmer.

Quick facts about Rajasthan


TopicsInformation
CapitalJaipur
Founded on1 November 1956
Population68,621,012 (Rank 8th)
Rajasthan Map
Rajasthan map with district
Area342,239Sq. Km.(Rank 1st)
LanguagesHindi, Rajasthani, Marwari
Neighbor Indian States Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Punjab
Districts33(Jaipur, Alwar, Jhunjhunu, Sikar, Dausa, Udaipur, Banswara, Chittorgarh, Pratapgarh, Dungarpur, Rajsamand, Ajmer, Bhilwara, Nagaur, Tonk, Barmer, Jaisalmer, Jalore, Jodhpur, Pali, Sirohi, Bikaner, Churu, Sri Ganganagar, Hanumangarh, Baran, Bundi, Jhalawar, Kota, Bharatpur, Dholpur, Karauli, Sawai Madhopur)
SymbolsAnimal: Chinkara , Bird: Indian Bustard ,Tree: Khejri, Flower: Rohira
Major CitiesJaipur, Jodhpur, Udaipur, Kota, Bikaner, Ajmer, Sriganganagar, Bhilwara, Alwar, Bharatpur
Major RiversArvari River, Magan River, Banas River, Berach River, Bandi River, Gambhir River, Ghaggar-Hakra River, Gomati River, Kali Sindh River, Luni River, Sabarmati River, Sarasvati River, Sukri, Sahibi River
Major MountainsAravalli Range
FestivalsElephant festival, Camel festival, Teej festival, Pushkar festival, Marwar festival, Gangaur Fetival, Dussehra, Matasya festival
Major Tourist PlacesHawa Mahal, Jantar Mantar, Dilwara Temples, Chittorgarh Fort, Lake Palace, Mount Abu, Karni Mata Temple of Bikaner, Taragarh Fort (Star Fort) of Bundi,

Indian State Madhya Pradesh:facts,information

Madhya Pradesh is an Indian state located in the centre of India. Due to its position it is also called the "Heart of India”.
  • Madhya Pradesh is the largest forest covered state in India. About 30 percent of its area is under the cover of forest.
  • Large portions of the population of Madhya Pradesh are tribal.
  • It has three world heritage sites- Khajuraho Group of Monuments (1986) including Devi Jagadambi temple, Rewa, Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi (1989) and the Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka (2003).
  • Madhya Pradesh is famous for its classical music and folk music. Two famous singers Tansen and Baiju Bawra were born here. It is also home of  Kishore Kumar (Khandwa) and Lata Mangeshkar (Indore).
TopicsInformation
CapitalBhopal
Madhya Pradesh Map madhya pradesh map
Population72,597,565 (Rank 6th )
Established on1 November 1956
Area308,252 Sq. Km.(Rank 2nd )
LanguagesHindi, Malvi, Nimadi, Bundeli, Bagheli
Neighbor Indian States Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Gujarat and Rajasthan
Districts51(Agar, Alirajpur, Anuppur, Ashoknagar, Balaghat, Barwani, Betul, Bhind, Bhopal, Burhanpur, Chhatarpur, Chhindwara, Damoh, Datia, Dewas, Dhar, Dindori, Guna, Gwalior, Harda, Hoshangabad, Indore, Jabalpur, Jhabua, Katni, Khandwa, Mandla, Mandsaur, Morena, Narsinghpur, Neemuch, Panna, Raisen, Rajgarh, Ratlam, Rewa, Sagar, Satna, Sehore, Seoni, Shahdol, Sidhi, Singrauli, Shajapur, Sheopur, Shivpuri, Tikamgarh, Ujjain, Umaria, Vidisha)
SymbolsAnimal: Barasingha; Bird: Dudhraj; Fish: Mahseer; Flower: Lily; River: Narmada; Tree: Banyan
Major CitiesBhopal, Gwalior, Indore, Jabalpur, Ujjain, Sagar, Rewa
Major RiversNarmada, Tapti, Chambal, Son, Betwa, Shipra
Major MountainsSatpura, Vindhya Range
Major Tourist PlacesKhajuraho, Gwalior, Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka, Kanha, Mandu, Bhopal

Quick facts and information about India

India is a world’s largest democratic country located in South Asia surrounded by neighbor countries (Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Burma, Afghanistan, China and Maldives) and oceans (Indian Sea, Arabian Sea, Bay of Bengal).
    India facts
  • The civilization in India began around the Indus River during 2500-1500 B.C. The word India is derived from the word “Indus”.
  • India became a republic country on 26 January 1950 after the independence on 15 august, 1947.
  • India is the home of different cultural and religious people. Different festivals are celebrated together by all the people here.
  • Hindi is the official and English is the co-official language of India. Other recognized languages are Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu.
  • Being surrounded by oceans, India has large coastline of length 7516 km. The largest coastline is in Gujarat and second largest coastline is in Andhra Pradesh.
  • India’s much of the area (about 20%) is covered by forest. World’s two percent forest is covered by India’s forest. In India, Madhya Pradesh has the largest forest area.
  • About 60 percent people of India are dependent on agriculture for living. Half of the total land of India is used for agricultural purpose. The main crops are rice, wheat, maize, bajra, barley, sugarcane, cotton.

Quick Facts about India



PointInformation
CountryIndia
ContinentAsia
CurrencyIndian Rupee
CapitalDelhi
Area 3,287,263 Sq Km (7th in world)
Population1,210,193,422 (2nd in world)
Population Density382 per Sq Km
Sex Ratio943 females per 1000 males
Literacy Rate73%
National anthemJana Gana Mana
National animalTiger
National birdPeacock
National flowerLotus
National songVande Mataram
National treeBanyan Tree
National fruitMango
National sportHockey
National calendarSaka Calendar
National emblemAshok Stambh
MottoSatyameva Jayate
Longest RiverGanges
Longest RoadGrand Trunk Road
Longest BeachMarina Beach (Chennai)
Largest Delta Sundarbans (West Bengal)
Largest LakeWular Lake (Jammu Kashmir)
Largest Saline Water LakeChilika (Odisha)
Largest DesertThar (Rajasthan)
Largest River IslandMajuli (Assam)
Largest PortMumbai
Highest Mountain PeakKanchenjunga
Highest LakeDevatal (Garhwal)
Highest WaterfallGersoppa (Karnataka)

Interesting facts and information about indian state Punjab

Punjab is an Indian state located in the northwest of India. Punjab is the home of Sikh Religion. 60% of its population is Sikh.
  • Punjab is also called land of five rivers. Five rivers are Beas, Sutlej, Ravi, Chenab and Jhelum.
  • The main crops of Punjab are Wheat, Rice, and sugarcane. Punjab is the main producer of wheat in India. It is also called ‘India's bread-basket’.
  • It is also famous for its folk music and dance. Bhangra, Giddha, Dhola are some famous dances of Punjab.

PointInformation
CapitalChandigarh
Founded on1966-11-01
Population27,704,236 ()
Punjab Map
Area50,362 Sq. Km.(Rank 19th)
LanguagesPunjabi (10th most spoken language of world), Hindi
Neighbor Indian States Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan, Jammu and Kashmir
Districts22 (Amritsar, Barnala, Bathinda, Firozpur, Fazilka, Fatehgarh Sahib (Sirhind-Fategarh), Faridkot, Gurdaspur, Hoshiarpur, Jalandhar, Kapurthala, Pathankot, Ludhiana, Mansa, Moga, Ajitgarh, Muktsar, Patiala, Rupnagar, Sangrur, Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar (Nawanshahr), Tarn Taran)
SymbolsAnimal: Blackbuck , Bird: Northern Goshawk,Tree: Sheesham
Major CitiesLudhiana, Moga, Jalandhar, Nawanshahr, Amritsar, Patiala, Ajitgarh, Bathinda.
Major RiversBeas, Sutlej, Ravi, Chenab and Jhelum
Major MountainsHimalaya
FestivalsLohri, Basant, Baisakhi,Teej,
Major Tourist PlacesGolden Temple, Jallianwala Bagh,Sheesh Mahal, Gurudwara Kiratpur Sahib, Gurudwara Anandpur Sahib, Wagah Border

Governor of a state:facts,information,general knowledge


Governors are the head of the states in India. At the state level Governors has the similar power as the president of India. Indian president appoints the Governors for a period of five years.
  • A person is eligible for the post of Governor if he qualifies following terms- 1) must be a citizen of India 2) age should be greater than 35 years 3) must not be a Member of Parliament or state legislature 4) must not hold any office of profit.
  • Governor of a state can be removed from his post only by president of India on the recommendation of Prime Minister.
  • Governor ranks fourth in the Indian order of precedence after the President, Vice President and Prime Minister.
Powers of the Governors:
  • Governor appoints the chief minister of a state who has the majority of support in Vidhan Sabha.
  • He appoints the Council of Ministers on the recommendation of the chief minister.
  • President appoints the judges of the high court in consultation with the Governor. Governor appoints the judges of the district court.
  • He also appoints the advocate general of the state, vice- chancellors of state universities, chairman and members of the state public service commission.
  • He address first session of the state legislature after election and at the beginning of the new session.
  • He has the power to dissolve, summon the state legislature.
  • A bill passed by the state legislature can only become law if governor approves it. Governor can return a bill for reconsideration. But if the bill is passed second time in the state legislature than governor has to approve it.