Gadar Party : facts, history, information

In the movement of Indian freedom several parties and organizations were formed. Gadar party was also formed with the same aim. The difference of Gadar party from others was that it was founded by the Indian immigrants of United States and Canada.
gadar magazine
  • Lala Hardayal, Sohan Singh Bhakkna, and Taraknath Das were the founders of this party.
  • The party was founded in 1913 and it's headquarter was in San Francisco.
  • Gadar is a Urdu word which means "revolt" or "rebellion ".
  • The Gadar was a weekly published by Gadar party. The main aim of this publication was to inspire people to join the Indian freedom movement. British Indian government banned the circulation of the Gadar in India.
  • During the time of world war 1, Gadar organization increased their effort. They sent arms and people to India and started to inspire the immigrant Indians to join the movement.
  • Gadar party was dissolved after the independence of India in 1948.


Important facts and information about Rajya Sabha

Rajya Sabha is an Indian constitutional body. It is also called the upper house of the parliament.
Rajya Sabha
Rajya Sabha
  • Rajya Sabha has 250 members. Among these 250 members, 238 are representatives of States and union territories. Other 12 members are selected by Indian president according to their achievement in science, arts, literature.
  • A person is eligible as a member of Rajya Sabha only if a) he/she ïs a citizen of India b) his/her age is greater than 30 years c) he/she must be an elector from the state,for which he/she is representing.
  • Vice president of India acts as the chairman of Rajya Sabha. In his absence deputy chairman take care the job of chairman of Rajya Sabha. The person for the post of deputy chairman is elected from the members of Rajya Sabha.
  • The tenure of the member of Rajya Sabha is six years. After every two years, one third of the total members of Rajya Sabha retires.
  • The first sitting in Rajya Sabha held on 13 may,1952. Unlike the lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha is not dissolved.
Functions of Rajya Sabha
  • Any bill (except the money bills) needs to be approved by Rajya Sabha to get passed.
  • It has the same power as lok Sabha, for passing any bill for constitutional amendment.
  • It has power in the impeachment procedure of president and judges of supreme court.

Interesting facts and information about Lok Sabha

Lok Sabha is a Indian constitutional body. It is also called the house of people or the lower house in the parliament.
  • There are 545 members in the Lok Sabha. Out of which 543 members are directly elected from the States and union territories. Other two members are selected by Indian president from the Anglo Indian community.
  • A person is eligible for the seat of Lok Sabha only if - a) he/she is a citizen of India b) His/her age would be greater than 25 years c) He/she must not be of unsound mind d) He/she must be an elector from any parliamentary constituency f) He/she must not hold any profitable post in any government offices.
  • To run the Lok Sabha properly, a speaker and a deputy speaker is elected from the members of lok Sabha.
  • The members of lok Sabha are elected for the term of five years. Though in case of emergency this can be extended for a year.
  • The first lok Sabha was held on 17 April, 1952. Indian Congress won the first election by 75.99% of votes. Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister.
  • "Lok sabha tv" is the lok Sabha's own Tv channel which is headquartered in the premises of parliament.  
Powers of Lok Sabha
  • Money bills can only be passed in lok Sabha. After a bill is passed in lok Sabha, it is sent in Rajya Sabha for any recommendations.
  • Motion of no confidence can only be introduced in lok Sabha. If it is passed then the prime minister and other council of ministers need to resign from their post.
  • It has the same power as Rajya Sabha in case of impeachment of president and the judges of supreme court.
  • It has equal power as Rajya Sabha in passing any bill for constitutional amendment.