Quick facts and information about India

India is a world’s largest democratic country located in South Asia surrounded by neighbor countries (Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Burma, Afghanistan, China and Maldives) and oceans (Indian Sea, Arabian Sea, Bay of Bengal).
    India facts
  • The civilization in India began around the Indus River during 2500-1500 B.C. The word India is derived from the word “Indus”.
  • India became a republic country on 26 January 1950 after the independence on 15 august, 1947.
  • India is the home of different cultural and religious people. Different festivals are celebrated together by all the people here.
  • Hindi is the official and English is the co-official language of India. Other recognized languages are Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu.
  • Being surrounded by oceans, India has large coastline of length 7516 km. The largest coastline is in Gujarat and second largest coastline is in Andhra Pradesh.
  • India’s much of the area (about 20%) is covered by forest. World’s two percent forest is covered by India’s forest. In India, Madhya Pradesh has the largest forest area.
  • About 60 percent people of India are dependent on agriculture for living. Half of the total land of India is used for agricultural purpose. The main crops are rice, wheat, maize, bajra, barley, sugarcane, cotton.

Quick Facts about India

CurrencyIndian Rupee
Area 3,287,263 Sq Km (7th in world)
Population1,210,193,422 (2nd in world)
Population Density382 per Sq Km
Sex Ratio943 females per 1000 males
Literacy Rate73%
National anthemJana Gana Mana
National animalTiger
National birdPeacock
National flowerLotus
National songVande Mataram
National treeBanyan Tree
National fruitMango
National sportHockey
National calendarSaka Calendar
National emblemAshok Stambh
MottoSatyameva Jayate
Longest RiverGanges
Longest RoadGrand Trunk Road
Longest BeachMarina Beach (Chennai)
Largest Delta Sundarbans (West Bengal)
Largest LakeWular Lake (Jammu Kashmir)
Largest Saline Water LakeChilika (Odisha)
Largest DesertThar (Rajasthan)
Largest River IslandMajuli (Assam)
Largest PortMumbai
Highest Mountain PeakKanchenjunga
Highest LakeDevatal (Garhwal)
Highest WaterfallGersoppa (Karnataka)