Jallianwala Bagh Massacre or Amritsar massacre was a important incident in the history of Indian freedom movement during the British Raj.
|Jalianwala Bagh Massacre|
- In 1919, British government of India commissioned Rault Act to control the activities of revolutionaries in India. According to this act, the British government had the power to arrest or imprison any suspect without any trial.
- In Punjab, two famous leaders Dr. Satyapal and Dr. Saifuddin Kichlu were arrested on the basis of rault act. Many protests and rallies were organised against this incident. British government placed Amritsar under the martial law and banned all public rallies and gatherings in Amritsar.
- On April 13,1919, thousands of people gathered in the jalianwala bagh of Amritsar to celebrate the Sikh baisakhi festival. Among the people there were women, children also. Jalianwala Bagh was surrounded by walls and there was only one main gate and other two-three small lanes for exit.
- Brigadier general Reginald E.H. Dyer came to the place with fifty rifleman and without any warning ordered them to shoot at the crowd. The shooting was continued for ten minutes and killed thousands of innocent people including children and women. About 1650 rounds were fired.
- According to the government data about 379 people were death. Whereas some private data showed that the number of death were more than 1000.
- The incident stirred the whole nation. Many people joined the Indian freedom movement. Rabindranath Tagore gave up his knighthood in the protest. Hunter commission was formed to investigate the incident.
- After the incident general dyer was suspended. He returned back to Britain. Sarder Udham Singh killed dyer in London on 13 march,1940.
- A trust was formed in 1920 by Indian national Congress to build a memorial at jalianwala bagh. In 1960, the memorial was inaugurated by Rajendra Prasad.