Interesting biographical facts about Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar

Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar also known as "father of research laboratories " was a renowned Indian scientist. The main area of his research were colloids, emulsions and industrial chemistry.
  • He was born on 21 February, 1894 in Bhera, Punjab ( presently in Pakistan ).
    shanti swarup bhatnagar
    Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar (1894-1955)
  • When he was eight years old, his father died. He was brought up in his maternal grandfather's house. He got his interest in science from his grandfather, who was an engineer. In his childhood he used to spent his time building mechanical toys.
  • He joined the DAV High school, sikandarabad for his primary education. Later in 1911,he joined Dayal singh college, Lahore. He had B.sc degree in physics and M. Sc degree in chemistry. He completed his D. Sc degree from the London University.
  • After completing his education, he joined Banaras Hindu University as a professor. With K. N. Mathur he developed the "Bhatnagar Mathur Magnetic Interference Balance". These device was a powerful instrument to measure magnetic properties. It was manufactured by a British company. Later, he moved to Lahore as a professor of physical chemistry and director of university chemical laboratories of the Punjab University.
  • His work in the applied and industrial chemistry was notable. He solved many industrial problems and rewarded many times by the industrialists for solving there problems. But he didn't used the money for his personal benefit, he used it for strengthening the research facilities at universities.
  • After the independence of India, under the chairmanship of Dr. Bhatnagar, CSIR ( council of scientific and industrial research ) was established. He became the first director general of CSIR. In his leadership 12 national laboratories (such as Metallurgical Lab at Jamshedpur, Central Food Processing Technological Institute at Mysore, National Physical Laboratory at New Delhi, National Chemical Laboratory at Pune) were established.
  • Besides science, he also had interest in poetry. He wrote the Kulgeet of the BHU. He also wrote a play called Karamati.
  • In 1941, he was knighted for his contribution in science. In 1943, he was selected as a member of royal society. He was awarded Padma Bhushan in 1954.
  • He died on 1 January, 1955. After his death, CSIR started Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Award for the eminent scientists to recognize their work.   

Timeline of Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar

1894 Shanti Swarub Bhatnagar was born in Punjab
1913 He passed his Intermediate examination from Punjab University
1915 He married to Lajwanti
1916 He earned his B.Sc degree in Physics from Christian College
1919 He earned his M.Sc degree in Chemistry
1921 He earned his D.Sc degree from the London University and returned to India. In the same year he joined the Banaras Hindu University (BHU) as a professor of chemistry
1924 He moved to Punjab University, Lahore
1928 Invented the Bhatnagar-Mathur Magnetic Interference Balance
1940 He was appointed as the director of BSIR
1941 He was Knighted
1943 He became a member of Royal Society
1946 His wife died
1947 After Independence, He became the chairman of Council of Scientific and Industrial Research
1954 He was awarded the Padma Bhushan
1955 He died