Himalayan mountain range is one of the youngest mountain range in the world. It is located in the northern border of India and separates Indian subcontinent from other countries of Asia.
|Himalaya Mountain Range|
- Himalayan mountain range formed about 70 million years ago when Indian tectonic plate collided with Eurasian Plate. These plates are still moving. As a result the heights of the mountain is also increasing.
- It is about 2400 km long with a shape of an arc. Its width varies between 150-400 km. It has three parallel mountain ranges- Lesser Himalaya, Greater Himalaya, Outer Himalaya.
- Himalayan mountain range is the father of many highest mountain peaks. About 100 mountain peaks of height greater than 7,200 meter are located here. World’s highest mountain Mount Everest is also a part of this mountain range. Other popular peaks are- Karakoram, Kanchenjunga.
- The word Himalaya means “home of snow”. Because upper portion (above 5,500km) of this mountain range is always covered with snow.
- This mountain range is the home of many Glaciers and Rivers. The glaciers of this mountain are the source of rivers such as- Ganges, Indus, Brahmaputra, and Yamuna.
- Himalaya affects climate of Asia greatly. It is the reason for the heavy rainfall in Terai region. It has a great role behind the creation of Gobi desert.
- This mountain range is the part of five countries-Bhutan, Nepal, Pakistan, India and China.
Quick facts about Himalayan Mountain Range
|Name:||Himalaya Mountain Range|
|Home of the Peaks:||Mount Everest,Karakoram, Kanchenjunga|
|Home of the Rivers:||Ganges,Yamuna, Brahmaputra,Indus|