With a length of 2,525km, Ganges is the longest river of India. It is also the second largest river in the world in amounts of water discharge.
  • Ganges is the result of confluence of two rivers- Alakananda and Bhagirathi. The meeting place of these two rivers is known as Devprayag. Alakananda is formed from the snow melt of Nanda Devi, Trisul, and Kamet peaks. Bhagirathi is formed from the Gangotri Glacier, at Gaumukh.
    Ganges satelite view
    Satelite view of Ganges
  • Ganges has many tributary rivers. Among these tributary rivers Ghaghare is the largest tributary river of Ganga followed by Yamuna and Koshi. Yamuna meets with Ganges at Trivenisangam of Allahabad. Some other tributary rivers are Ramganga, Gomti, Gandaki, Burhi Gandak, Mahananda, Tamsa, Son, Punpun.
  • Ganges gets divided into two branches near pakur- Padma and Bhagirathi-Hooghly. Padma enters Bangladesh and empties in Bay of Bengal. Bhagirathi-Hooghly branch meets with Jalangi River at Nabadwip and become known as Hooghly River. Hooghly River empties itself in Bay of Bengal.
  • Hooghly River has many tributary rivers. Among them Damodar is the longest. Two Branches of Brahmaputra River (Jamuna River, Meghna River) meets with Padma in Bangladesh.
  • The Ganges delta is the largest delta of world.
  • Ganges basin covers four countries - China, India, Bangladesh, Nepal. It flows from different states of India (Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, and West Bengal ).
  • Farakka barrage is the largest barrage on Ganga. It was opened on 21 April 1975. It is built near the place where Padma enters Bangladesh and Hooghly continues its flow in West Bengal. Other important barrages built on Ganges are Tehri Dam, Bansagar Dam.
  • It was ranked 5th in the most polluted rivers category in world. Many plans were made to clean up the river but due to its vast basin most of them failed.

Quick facts about river Ganges

Name of River: Ganges
Source: Gangotri Glacier
Destination: Bay of Bengal
Tributary Rivers Ramganga, Gomti, Ghaghara, Gandaki, Burhi Gandak, Koshi, Mahananda, Yamuna, Tamsa, Son, Punpun
Length: 2,525 KM
Indian States in Basin of Ganges: Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, West Bengal, and the Union Territory of Delhi
Cities beside the river Haridwar, Kanpur, Jajmau, Allahabad, Varanasi, Mirzapur, Ghazipur, Patna, Rishikesh, Munger, Bhagalpur, Kolkata

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