Interesting facts and information about Maurya Empire and Emperors

Maurya Empire was the first ancient empire in India which unified the different Indian sub regions and established them as a one state.
map of maurya empire
Maurya Empire
  • Chandragupta Maurya founded the Maurya Empire with the help of Chanakya. He defeated the king Dhana Nanda and ended the dynasty of Nanda’s. The last emperor of Maurya Empire was Brihadratha.
  • Maurya Empire was existed for about 137 years from 322 to 185 BCE.
  • Maurya Empire was the largest empire of world at that time. It extended from the Himalayas in the north to the Mahisur and Madras in the south and from Assam in the east to the Balochistan in the west.
  • The main religions of that time were Hinduism, Jainism, and Buddhism. The people had the independence of following any religion.

Famous Emperors of Maurya Empire

Emperor Reign Period Facts
Chandragupta Maurya 322-298 B.C. He was the founder of maurya empire
He unified the indian subcontinent and established a strong empire.
Meghasthenes (a Greek ambassador) visited his court.
He accepted Jainism at the end of his life
Bindusara 298-272 B.C. He was the son of Chandragupta Maurya.
He was called by many names "Amitrochates" (slayer of enemies), "Ajathasetru" (man having no enemies).
He extented the empire and conquered the 16 states.
Deimachus a Greek Ambassador visited his court.
Ashoka 268-232 B.C. He was the son of Bindusara. He became king after defeating other princes.
He included almost entire indian subcontinent in the Maurya empire.
He won the war of Kalinga. It was the turning point of his life. After watching the mass death in the war, he accepted Buddhism and  decided to end war.
He was appointed as Dharma Mahapatro to spread Buddhism.
He build ashok stambhs to promote buddhism.

Interesting facts and information about Mahabir Jain

Mahabir Jain was the ancient sage and the propagator of Jainism. He was the twenty fourth and last Tirthankara (prohpet or guru) of jainism.
  • Mahabir was born on 599 BCE.His earlier name was Bhardhaman Mahabir.
    mahabir jain
    Mahabir Jain
  • His father was king siddhartha and his mother was queen Trishala. He married to Yashoda. He had a daughter Priyadarshana.
  • At the age of 30, Mahavira gave up all his worldly things and left home to find the truth of life.
  • He spent 12 years roaming the different part of the country. In this period he faced much difficulties.Some people even thought him as a thief and attacked him. He spent this years without any cloths and with little food.
  • At the age of 43,near Jrimbhikgrama he attained the supreme knowledge (kaivalay).
  • After attainment of kaivalay, he spent his time teaching others what he had learn.He added Brahmacharya (celibacy) with the previous teachings of jainism (non injury, non stealing, non possession).
  • In 527 BCE near Patna,Mahavira died at age the of 72.

Interesting facts and information about Indus valley civilization or Harappan civilization

The Indus valley civilization also known as Harappan civilization was the ancient civilization built around the banks of river Indus. It is one of the ancient civilization besides Mesopotamia and Egypt civilization.
  • This ancient civilization belonged to the bronze age. It existed for about 1000 years from 2500 BC to 1500 BC.
  • It was spread to a large area covering about 1,260,000 km². This civilization extended from Makran coast of Balochistan in the west to Ghaggar-Hakra River valley in the east, From Afghanistan in the northeastern to Daimabad of Maharashtra in the south. It is one of the largest known ancient civilization.
    Indus valley civilization map
    Indus Valley Civilization Map
  • The people of that time had great engineering skills. They discovered tin, lead, copper etc. Their town planning was also exceptional. They used bricks to build their buildings and they had a very efficient drainage system. They followed grid system for the planning of towns.
  • The towns were divided into two parts – Upper part (or Citadel) and Lower Part. The Upper part was an artificial platform about 50 Ft high. Citadel was enclosed by walls and had public buildings, religious buildings, and granaries. In lower part people used to live.
  • A Great bath had been found in Mohenjodaro. It is one of the earliest public water tank. The size of the bath is very large - 12 metre by 7 metre and 2.4 metre deep. It is believed that the great bath was used for the ritual bathing.
  • The main profession of the people of Indus valley civilization were trading and farming. Besides rice, wheat, barley, peas they also produced cotton, dates in large quantity. They were first to produce cotton. Granaries were used to store the food grains.
  • Bangle making, Pottery, Flint tool work were also practiced. They had trade relation with many countries. A dockyard is found in Lothal.
  • The cities were the main places for trading. About 1000 cities were found. The popular cities of that time were Mohenjo daro, Harappa, Lothal, Banwali. The latest and largest excavated site in India is Dholavira of Gujarat.
  • It is found that people of that era worshiped animals and birds. From a discovered seal of that era it is revealed that they used to worship Pashupati (lord of cattle). They also worshiped Mother goddess, Lingam, and Yoni.
  • prasupati
    Prasupati Seal
  • There are many theories behind the destruction of this civilization. Many believes that flood, drying up of river, deforestation were the main reasons behind the destruction of this civilization. Some people believe invasion of Aryans was the cause of destruction.

Some Major Excavations

Sites Excavated By
Harappa R B Dayaram Sahni (1921)
Mohenjo Daro R D Banerjee (1922)
Lothal S R Roa
Banwali R S Bisht

Interesting facts and information about mughal empire and emperors

Mughal Empire is one of the longest running empire in India. They ruled India about 300 years. In this time India got inspired by their culture and art.
mughal empire flag
Flag of Mughal Empire

  • Babur was the founder of Mughal Empire in India. In1526, Babur defeated the Ibrahim Shah Lodhi, at the First Battle of Panipat and started mughal reign in India. Bahadur Shah 2 was the last emperor of mughal dynasty. He was exiled by the British after the Indian Rebellion of 1857.
  • At their best time, they controlled the large part of Indian subcontinent. From Balochistan in the west to Bengal in the east and from Kashmir in the north to the Kaveri basin in the south.
  • The word Mughal is came from the ‘Mongal’. The people of the Moghulistan were called Mongals.

Some famous Mughal Emperors

Emperor D.O.B Duration Death Facts
Babur Feb 23, 1483 1526–1530 Dec 26, 1530
  • Founder of Mughal empire in India
  • He was the descendant of Genghis Khan
  • Defeated Sultan Ibrahim Shah Lodi at the First Battle of Panipat.(1526) and defeated Rana Sanga of Mewar in the battle of Khanua(1527).
  • His autobiography was Tazuk-i-Baburi ( in Turkish)
Humayun Mar 6, 1508 1530–1540,1555-1556 Jan 1556
  • He was defeated in the battle of Chausa (1539) by Sher Shah Suri and remained exiled from India till 1555. He was able to regain the empire in 1555.
  • His tomb is the prototype of Taj Mahal.
  • Humayun-Nama was the biography of Humayan written by his sister Gulbadan Begam.
Akbar Nov 14, 1542 1556–1605 Oct 27, 1605
  • Most famous Mughal emperor. Also known as Akbar the Great.
  • He defeated Hindu King Hemu in the second battle of Panipat (1556) and defeated Rana Pratap in the battle of Haldighati (1576).
  • He built Agra Fort (1565), Lahore Palace(1572), Fatehpur Sikri, Bulan Darwaza and Allahabad fort (1583)
  • Akbarnama and Ain-I-Akbari were the biographies of Akbar written by his court poet Abul Fazal.
Jahangir Oct 1569 1605–1627 1627
  • His son became rebel against him.
  • He was the first who started relationship with the East India Company.
  • He built Moti Masjid at agra
  • Tuzuk-i-Jahangiri was the biography of him.
Shah Jahan Jan 5, 1592 1627–1658 1666
  • He was the founder of many great architecture including Taj Mahal
  • He married to Mumtaz Mahal and after her death, built Taj Mahal in the memory of his loving wife.
  • He also built Jama Masjid, Red Fort, Jahangir mausoleum, and Shalimar Gardens in Lahore
  • His son Aurangzeb imprisoned him.
Aurangzeb Oct 21, 1618 1658–1707 Mar 3, 1707
  • He was the last famous mughal emperor.
  • He killed his brothers and imprisoned his father to take the throne.
  • He expanded his empire and implied some ruthless rules in the society.

Interesting facts and information about indian railway

Indian railway is one of the most used transport system in India. Over 25 million people daily use Indian rail for travel purpose.
indian railway logo
Indian Railway Logo
  • The first train in India ran on 16 April, 1853 between Mumbai and Thane (the distance was 34 kilometer). The second train ran on 1854 from Howrah to Hooghly. The first electric train ran in 1929 from Mumbai to Pune.
  • Indian Railway network is the fourth largest network in the world. The rankings are- 1) USA 2) Russia 3) China 4) India.
  • IR has about 65,000 Km of route and 7,500 stations.
  • Indian Railway Network is divided into 16 zones. General Manager controls a zone. Northern railway is the largest zone and North-East frontier is the smallest zone.
  • The longest platform of world is in Gorakhpur railway station, Uttar Pradesh. The longest rail route is from Jammu-Tavi to Kanyakumari (3,726 kilometers).
  • Indian Railway is the property of Indian government. Minister of Railway operates it.
  • IR is one of the largest employers in India and world. It is the ninth largest employer in world.
  • On 24 October, 1984 the first metro rail was started in Kolkata, West Bengal.First Air Cooling was introduced in 1874 in Great Indian Peninsular Railway.
  • The fastest train in india is the Delhi-Bhopal Shatabdi Express. Lucknow is the busiest station.

Different manufacturing units of Indian Railway

Sl. No Name Location Main products
1. Golden Rock Locomotive Workshops Trichy Diesel-electric Locomotives
2. Chittaranjan Locomotive Works Chittaranjan, Asansol Electric Locomotives
3. Diesel Locomotive Works Varanasi Diesel Locomotives
4. Diesel-Loco Modernisation Works Patiala Diesel-electric Locomotives
5. Integral Coach Factory Chennai Passenger coaches
6. Rail Coach Factory Kapurthala Passenger coaches
7. Rail Spring Karkhana Gwalior Passenger coach springs
8. Rail Wheel Factory Bangalore Railway wheels and axles
9. Rail Wheel Factory Chhapra Railway wheels
10. Rail Coach Factory, Raebareli Raebareli Passenger coaches