Facts and Information about Nalanda University: Indias first University

nalanda unversity
Nalanda University
Nalanda was an ancient Indian university. It was one of the famous universities of the world and the first Indian residential university. It was the epicenter of education in ancient India.
  • Nalanda University was in Bihar. It was about 88 kilometers from Patna.
  • Nalanda University was established during the Gupta Dynasty. It remained as best university for a long time until Bakhtiyar Khilji destroyed it.
  • Chinese Pilgrim Xuanzang (Hiuen-Tsang) visited the university and had wrote much about the university. His writings are the source of information about the university.
  • Nalanda University used to attract large number of students. The admission process was very strict and students had to go through different tests to prove their ability. Students from the foreign countries were also allowed. Students from Korea, Japan, China, Tibet, Indonesia, and Persia used to study here. Chinese pilgrim Xuanzang (Hiuen-Tsang) had described that about 10,000 students and 2000 teachers were there in the university. 
  • The university had a large campus. It was spread on 14 hectares of land. University had ten temples, many classrooms, meditation centers and a big library. Many people even today get astonished by the architecture of the buildings.
  • Nalanda university’s library was one of the biggest library of the world at that time. It had large collections of books, manuscripts. It was called as Dharma Gunj (Mountain of Truth) or Dharmaga├▒ja (Treasury of Truth). Library was divided into three buildings- Ratnasagara, Ratnadadhi and Ratnaranjaka. Among these buildings, Ratnasagara was nine storied building. The library did not only have religious manuscripts but it also contained large collection of books on literature, astrology, astronomy, and medicine. Vastness of the library can be understood from the fact that it took three months to burn down when invaders set fire to it.
  • The Nalanda University had a great influence of Buddhism. Many Buddhist used to teach here. It is believed that Buddha also visited the university.
  • It is reported that India with other countries planning to revive the university and A P J Abdul Kalam was helping in that.

Quick Info about Nalanda University

Location Bihar
Area 14 Hectre
Duration 5 BC to 13 BC
Founder Kumargupta
Destroyed by Bakhtiyar Khilji