Interesting facts and biography of Akbar the great mughal emperor

Akbar was the third Mughal emperor and one of the most famous emperors of Indian history. Akbar also known as Shahanshah Akbar-e-Azam is mostly known for his liberal attitude towards other religions.
  • He was born on October 14, 1542 in Sindh (now in Pakistan).
    akbar the great
  • He was the son of Mughal emperor Humayan. His mother was Hamida Banu Begum. His father named him Jalal-ud-din Muhammad.
  • After the death of Humayan, Akbar was made the shahanshah. He was only 13 at that time. Bayram Khan became his teacher and guardian of his empire.
  • Just after the declaration of Akbar as a king, Hindu samrat Hemu attacked the mughals and defeated them. But later with the help of Bairam Khan, Akbar was able to defeat him in Second Battle of Panipat.
  • At the age of 18, he came into full power and dismissed intolerable Bairam Khan and ordered him to make the hajj to Mecca. Bairam khan became rebal. Akbar defeated Bairam Khan and forgave him.
  • Akbar’s liberal attitude towards other religions helped him to easily conquer other states. He was able to bring other states in his empire.
  • Akbar created a very efficient bureaucracy system to control his empire. He appointed mansabars to look after the small regions.
  • Akbar had a great parliament with many talented and great people. There were nine jewels in his parliament- Abdul Rahim, Abdul Fazal, Birbal, Faizi, Hamim Human, Raja Man Singh, Shaikh Mubarak, Tansen, Todar Mal.
  • Many architectural masterpieces were built at his time. Agra Fort (1565), Lahore Palace(1572), Fatehpur Sikri, Bulan Darwaza and Allahabad fort (1583) were built during his time.
  • At the age of 63, He died at Fatehpur Sikri, Agra.

Quick Facts about Akbar:

Name: Abu'l-Fath Jalal-ud-Din Muhammad Akbar
D.O.B: 14 October 1542
Family: Father:  Humayun
Mother: Hamida Banu Begum
Famous as: 3rd Mughal Emperor (14 February 1556 – 27 October 1605)
Died: 27 October 1605 (aged 63)

Interesting facts and life history of Mahatma Goutam Buddha

goutam buddha teaching
Goutam Buddha was an ancient sage and the founder of Buddhism. The meaning of Buddha is the awakened one.
  • He was born in Limbani, Nepal around 563 BCE on a Poornima. That’s why his anniversary is celebrated as a ‘Buddha Poornima’.
  • His father was Shuddhodhana, the king of Kapilavastu and his mother was Mayadevi. He lost his mother after the seventh day of his birth and brought up by his step mother Goutami.
  • His earlier name was Siddhartha. He married  Yaśodharā. They had a son named Rāhula.
  • When he was born astrologers predicted that he will be either a great king or a great holy man. His father tried to hide him from the religious teachings and the sufferings of daily life. One day when he was travelling in his chariot he saw an old man, a sick person, a corpse. This introduced him to the  world of suffering. He left the palace for the search of the truth and to find the meaning of life. He was only 29 at that time.
  • At the age of 35, under a pipal tree (now known as bodhi tree), near Bodh Gaya, India he ultimately founded what he was searching for.
  • At first he was not interested in teaching the dharma. Because it was too difficult to teach in words what he had learned. He thought people will misunderstood his teachings. Atlast he was convinced by Brahmā Sahampati to teach his dharma. He gave his first sermon at Sarnath, Uttar Pradesh.
  • Buddha traveled all over the India to teach his lessons until his death at age 80. He was died  in 483 BCE. at Kushinagar, India.

Quick Facts about Goutam Buddha

Name: Goutam Buddha
Born: 563 BCE,at Lumbini (present-day in Nepal)
Family: Father: Shuddhodhana, Mother: Mayadevi, Wife:  Yaśodharā , Son: Rahula
Famous for: Founder of Buddhism
Aka: Siddhartha, Sakyamuni
Died at: 483 BCE, at Kushinagar (present-day in Uttar Pradesh, India)

Facts and biography of emperor Chandragupta Maurya

Chandragupta Maurya is an ancient Indian king. He was the founder of the Maurya dynasty. He was the first emperor who unified all the states of india and bring them under one state.
chandragupta maurya
Chandragupta Maurya

  • Very little information is known about his early life. It is believed that he was born around 340 BCE in Patna, Bihar. His mother was Mura. It is also told that the Maurya came from his mother name Mura.
  • Chandragupta was great warrior and leader from his childhood. His abilities were first identified by the famous teacher Chanakya. He taught Chandragupta different lessons on politics and war. Later with the help of Chanakya, he established Maurya Empire defeating Dhana Nanda of Nanda Empire. At that time he was only 20 years old.
  • After establishing the Maurya Empire, Chandragupta started to unify the India. He was able to conquer every part of the Indian subcontinent except for the Kalinga of Orissa and some southern subcontinent.
  • After unifying India, Chandragupta with the help of Chanakya established a strong central administration patterned empire. His empire was one of the highly organized bureaucratic structure with a large civil service.
  • During his reign Greek diplomat Megasthenes visited India.
  • At the age of 42 he handed over his throne to his son Bindusara. He accepted Jainism and made saint Bhadrabahu his guru. He travelled to the southern india and meditated without eating and drinking until his death (this process is called sallekhana or santhara).

Interesting facts and information about Samrat Ashoka,The great emperors of India

Ashoka also known as “Ashoka the great” was one of the greatest emperors of India. He was the third king of the Maurya Dynasty. He ruled India from 269 BCE to 232 BCE.
ashoka's empire map
Ashoka's empire

  • The meaning of Ashoka in Sanskrit is ‘without sorrow’. He was also called Samraat Chakravartin (emperor of emperors), Devānāmpriya (the beloved of god), Priyadarśin (He who regards everyone with affection).
  • He was born around 304 BCE in Patliputra, Patna.
  • He was the son of king Bindusara and Maharani Dharma. His grandfather was the founder of Maurya Dynasty, Chandragupta Maurya.
  • Ashoka had many brothers ready to take the throne after the death of Bindusara. But Ashoka becomes the king with the help of a minister Radhagupta. There is a story that Ashoka killed his 99 brothers leaving only one brother Tissa to become the king.
  • In the early life as an emperor he engaged in war with different states. He was very short tempered person. At that time he was called ‘Chandaashoka’, which means "Ashoka the Fierce".
  • The war of Kalinga (BC 261) was the turning point of his life. The mass death of the war changed his mind and he became a follower of Buddhism.
  • He made Buddhism his state religion. Later he was appointed as ‘Dharma Mahapatro’ to propagate Buddhism all over Asia. He sent his son Mahinda and daughter Sanghamitra to Ceylon (Sri Lanka) for spreading Buddhism.
  • He build lion stambh’s to spread Buddhism, these stambh’s are now called Ashok Stambh. Ashok Stambh of sarnath was adopted as national emblem of India.
  • Besides ashok stambh, Ashoka had build many constructions-Dhamek Stupa ( Sarnath, Uttar Pradesh), Bharhut stupa ( Madhya Pradesh), Mahabodhi Temple (Bihar).
  • He died in the year 232 BCE.

Quick Facts About King Ashoka

Name: Ashoka
Birth year: 304 BCE, at Patliputra
Family:
Father: Bindusara;
Mother: Maharani Dharma or Shubhadrangi;
Wifes: Kaurwaki Devi,Padmavati,Tishyaraksha
Children: Mahendra, Sanghamitra, Tivala, Kunala, Jaluka, Charumati;
AKA: Samraat Chakravartin (emperor of emperors), Devānāmpriya (the beloved of god), Priyadarśin (He who regards everyone with affection).
Empire: From the Hindu Kush mountains in Afghanistan to Bangladesh and From Assam in the east, to  Kerala and Andhra Pradesh in south.
Reign: 268–232 BCE (about 36 Years)
Died at:  232 BCE (aged 72)

Facts and Information about Nalanda University: Indias first University

nalanda unversity
Nalanda University
Nalanda was an ancient Indian university. It was one of the famous universities of the world and the first Indian residential university. It was the epicenter of education in ancient India.
  • Nalanda University was in Bihar. It was about 88 kilometers from Patna.
  • Nalanda University was established during the Gupta Dynasty. It remained as best university for a long time until Bakhtiyar Khilji destroyed it.
  • Chinese Pilgrim Xuanzang (Hiuen-Tsang) visited the university and had wrote much about the university. His writings are the source of information about the university.
  • Nalanda University used to attract large number of students. The admission process was very strict and students had to go through different tests to prove their ability. Students from the foreign countries were also allowed. Students from Korea, Japan, China, Tibet, Indonesia, and Persia used to study here. Chinese pilgrim Xuanzang (Hiuen-Tsang) had described that about 10,000 students and 2000 teachers were there in the university. 
  • The university had a large campus. It was spread on 14 hectares of land. University had ten temples, many classrooms, meditation centers and a big library. Many people even today get astonished by the architecture of the buildings.
  • Nalanda university’s library was one of the biggest library of the world at that time. It had large collections of books, manuscripts. It was called as Dharma Gunj (Mountain of Truth) or Dharmagañja (Treasury of Truth). Library was divided into three buildings- Ratnasagara, Ratnadadhi and Ratnaranjaka. Among these buildings, Ratnasagara was nine storied building. The library did not only have religious manuscripts but it also contained large collection of books on literature, astrology, astronomy, and medicine. Vastness of the library can be understood from the fact that it took three months to burn down when invaders set fire to it.
  • The Nalanda University had a great influence of Buddhism. Many Buddhist used to teach here. It is believed that Buddha also visited the university.
  • It is reported that India with other countries planning to revive the university and A P J Abdul Kalam was helping in that.

Quick Info about Nalanda University

Location Bihar
Area 14 Hectre
Duration 5 BC to 13 BC
Founder Kumargupta
Destroyed by Bakhtiyar Khilji

Nana Patekar: Facts,Biography,Info

Nana Patekar is an  Indian actor. He is famous for his acting in films like “Parinda”, “Krantiveer”, “Tiranga”, “Apaharan”.
  • Nana Patekar’s original name is Vishwanath Patekar. He was born on 1 January 1951 in Murud-Janjira, Maharashtra.
    nana patekar
    Nana Patekar
  • His parents are Dinkar Patekar (a painter), Sanjanabai Patekar. He studied at Sir J.J. Institute of Applied Art, Mumbai.
  • Nana Patekar’s first known bollywood movie was Gaman in 1978. After that he acted in Mohre (1987) and Salaam Bombay! (1988) but he got his recognition from the film Parinda.
  • Beside acting, Nana Patekar has also done directing and singing. He is the director of the film Prahaar: The Final Attack. He gave his voice in the films Yeshwant, Wajood and Aanch.
  • He has also acted in the Marathi Films and plays. He acted in the Marathi films Pak Pak Pakaak, Deool, Maaficha Sakshidar.
  • Nana Patekar has a Captain’s rank in Indian Army. He also has an interest in rifle shooting.  He was qualified for the G.V. Mavlankar Shooting Championship.
  • He won national award as an actor for the film Krantiveer (1995) and won national award as a supporting actor for the films Parinda (1990) and Agni Sakshi (1997). He has also won many Filmfare awards and Star Screen awards.

Quick Facts about Nana Patekar

Name: Vishwanath Patekar
D.O.B: 1 January 1951
A.K.A: Nana Patekar
Family: Father:Dinkar Patekar Mother:Sanjanabai Patekar
Education: Sir J.J. Institute of Applied Art, Mumbai.
Profession: Actor,Director
Awards: Padma Shri,National Award, Filmfare award, Star Screen Award.