Indian Constitution is the framework of duties and rules of different Indian governing bodies and its people. It describes the duties of different government bodies, procedures to carry out the governmental works; it also describes the duties of the citizen of India.
- After the independence of India in 1947, it took 2 years 11 months and 18 days to build the Indian constitution. On 26 November 1949 India adopted its constitution and it came into effect on 26 January 1950. The day (26 January) is celebrated as the republic day in India. Because on that day Indian constitution came into effect and India became a sovereign, democratic republic country. To commemorate the Purna Swaraj declaration of independence of 1930, the date 26 January was chosen.
- Indian constitution was drafted by the Constituent Assembly and Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar is called the father of Indian constitution. Constituent Assembly had 13 different committees.
- Indian constitution is the longest written constitution. It contains 448 articles in 22 parts, 12 schedules and 118 amendments. Indian constitution was hand written and was both in Hindi and English. The original copies of the constitution are preserved in a secure way.
- Many principles of Indian constition were influenced from different countries constitution. Such as separation of powers among the major branches of government was adopted from the constitution of United States, directive principle of state policy was adapted from Ireland.
Some Important Articles of Indian Constitution
|Article 14||Equality before law|
|Article 24||Prohibition of employment of children in factories|
|Article 19||Right to freedom of speech and expression.
Right to assemble peacefully and without arms.
Right to form associations or unions.
Right to move freely throughout the territory of India.
|Article 26||Freedom to manage religious affairs.|
|Article 21||Protection of life and personal liberty|
|Article 31A||Equal justice and free legal aid|
|Article 45||Provision for free and compulsory education for children.|